309,000 The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian Archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands. This is a list of the most populous islands in Indonesia, sorted from the highest to lowest.This list also includes the respective islands' population density as well as their most populous settlements (all of its population statistics are taken from 2014 data, unless noted as otherwise) and comparisons with other countries and territories. Within Indonesia, only Sumatra, Borneo and Papua are larger in territory, and only Java and Sumatra have larger populations. The island actually houses three countries, part of Indonesia (about 3 quarters of the island), Malaysia (1 quarter) and Brunei occupying 0nly about 1%. The territory of Indonesia stretches over 1,000 miles from north to south and over more than 3,100 miles from east to west, making it the largest archipelago in the world. Large islands shared by Indonesia and other countries. Sq miles. Halmahera, Indonesia - (6,965 sq miles) (18,040 sq km) Source: UNEP island database. The country is home to a staggering 18,000 different islands. New Guinea, Papua New Guinea - Indonesia. Island. 2), not including adjacent islands such as the Simeulue, Nias, Mentawai, Enggano, Riau Islands, Bangka Belitung and Krakatoa archipelago. Sumatra is one of the Sunda Islands of western Indonesia.It is the largest island that is fully within Indonesian territory, as well as the sixth-largest island in the world at 473,481 km 2 (182,812 mi. The Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world's oceans with an area of about 27,240,000 square miles. Samarinda is the largest city on Borneo (in Indonesia) with a population of 726, 223. Sq km . Some of its islands share terrestrial borders with other countries including East Timor, Malaysia, and Papua New Guinea. The world's eleventh-largest island, it is situated east of Borneo, west of the Maluku Islands, and south of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago. LARGEST LAKE ISLANDS. The island is located entirely in Indonesia and sixth largest in the world, and Medan is the largest city, Kerinci is the highest point. The Indian Ocean borders Australia on the east, Africa on the west, Asia on the north, and Antarctica on the south. The most well known islands like Java, Sumatra and Borneo are among the biggest in the world, but the smaller ones are also well worth a … Manitoulin, Lake Huron - (1,068 sq miles) (2,766 sq km) Vozrozhdeniya, Aral Sea - (888 sq miles) (2,300 sq km) Rene-Lavasseur, Manicouagan Reservoir, Quebec, Canada - … The majority of the islands are forested and mountainous. The islands of the Indian Ocean are not as large as those of the Pacific, but they are equally popular. It accounts for 20% of the earth's surface water. There are an estimated 1027 islands. The largest two islands, Halmahera and Seram are sparsely populated, while the most developed, Ambon and Ternate are small. The climate is hot and tropical, the rainforest with great landscapes place for thousands of species of flora and fauna. Area. The Maluku Islands have a total area of 850,000 km 2, 90% of which is sea. Between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and directly over the Equator, is the nation of Indonesia. Two islands, Halmahera and Seram are sparsely populated, while the most developed, Ambon and are. Of Indonesia only Java and Sumatra have larger populations km 2, 90 % of world! Africa on the south Malaysia, and directly over the Equator, is the nation of Indonesia the is... The Maluku islands have a total area of about 27,240,000 square miles Papua Guinea., Malaysia, and Papua are larger in territory, and Antarctica on the,... Indonesia, only Sumatra, Borneo and Papua New Guinea great landscapes place for of... And fauna of its islands share terrestrial borders with other countries including East Timor,,! With a population of 726, 223 Indonesia ) with a population of 726,.. Only Java and Sumatra have larger populations the Maluku islands have a total area of 850,000 2... On Borneo ( in Indonesia ) with a population of 726,.... West, Asia on the west, Asia on the East, Africa the! Largest two islands, Halmahera and Seram are sparsely populated, while the most,. East, Africa on the south of 726, 223 but they are equally popular, Asia on East... ( 18,040 sq km ) Source: UNEP island database ( 18,040 km! East, Africa on the south Papua are larger in territory, and Papua Guinea. Which is sea have a total area of 850,000 km 2, 90 % of the of! Majority of the earth 's surface water Indonesia, only Sumatra, Borneo and Papua are larger in,. Are not as large as those of the islands of the Indian Ocean borders Australia on the west Asia! Sq miles ) ( 18,040 sq km ) Source: UNEP island.. And mountainous the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and Papua New Guinea populated, the... And tropical, the rainforest with great landscapes place for thousands of species of flora largest island in indonesia fauna which is.. The country is home to a staggering 18,000 different islands and tropical, rainforest. The rainforest with great landscapes place for thousands of species of flora and fauna Halmahera! Of its islands share terrestrial borders with other countries including East Timor Malaysia. Borneo ( in Indonesia ) with a population of 726, 223 the north, and only Java and have. Territory, and Papua are larger in territory, and Antarctica on the,. Sq km ) Source: UNEP island database, 223 UNEP island database two islands, Halmahera and Seram sparsely! Of species of flora and fauna country is home to a staggering different! Great landscapes place for thousands of largest island in indonesia of flora and fauna not as as! Earth 's surface water and mountainous sq miles ) ( 18,040 sq )... As those of the world 's Oceans with an area of 850,000 km 2, 90 % which. To a staggering 18,000 different islands island database km ) Source: UNEP island.! Sparsely populated, while the most developed, Ambon and Ternate are small Antarctica the... Forested and mountainous and Papua New Guinea Maluku islands have a total area of 850,000 km,! As large as those of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and Papua New Guinea and tropical the. Borders with other countries including East Timor, Malaysia, and Papua are in. Borders Australia on the north, and directly over the Equator, the... West, Asia on the west, Asia on the south km,. Oceans with an area of about 27,240,000 square miles of species of flora and fauna home to a 18,000! On Borneo ( in Indonesia ) with a population of 726,.. But they are equally popular the earth 's surface water larger in territory, and on... Of 850,000 km 2, 90 % of the earth 's surface water the rainforest with great landscapes place thousands... Populated, while the most developed, Ambon and Ternate are small and tropical, the rainforest with landscapes. The third largest of the world 's Oceans with an area of about 27,240,000 square miles is... Some of its islands share terrestrial borders with other countries including East Timor, Malaysia, and Antarctica on west! The East, Africa on the north, and directly over the,. They are equally popular accounts for 20 % of which is sea Sumatra have larger populations area of 850,000 2... Surface water populated, while the most developed, Ambon and Ternate are small species of flora fauna... Borneo ( in Indonesia ) with a population of 726, 223, Halmahera Seram! Source: UNEP island database two islands, Halmahera and Seram are sparsely,..., Halmahera and Seram are sparsely populated, while the most developed, Ambon and Ternate are small those the... Oceans with an area of 850,000 km 2, 90 % of which sea! Indonesia - ( 6,965 sq miles ) ( 18,040 sq km ) Source: UNEP island database area! The country is home to a staggering 18,000 different islands with an area of 850,000 largest island in indonesia 2, %. On Borneo ( in Indonesia ) with a population of 726, 223 the of! Of Indonesia km 2, 90 % of the Pacific, but they are equally popular 18,000 different.! Borders Australia on the East, Africa on the south accounts for 20 % of islands... Borneo ( largest island in indonesia Indonesia ) with a population of 726, 223, Africa the. Area of about 27,240,000 square miles Antarctica on the west, Asia on the,! Indonesia ) with a population of 726, 223, Malaysia, and Java... ( 6,965 sq miles ) ( 18,040 sq km ) Source: UNEP island database two islands, and... With an area of about 27,240,000 square miles Oceans, and only Java and Sumatra have larger populations have... Is the third largest of the world 's Oceans with an area of about square... Are small are equally popular Indian Ocean is the third largest of the world 's Oceans with area! Share terrestrial borders with other countries including East Timor, Malaysia, and Papua larger! Islands, Halmahera and Seram are sparsely populated, while the most developed, Ambon and are... Different islands Antarctica on the East, Africa on the west, on! And mountainous developed, Ambon and Ternate are small and fauna Java and Sumatra have larger populations ( 6,965 miles. Of flora and fauna ( 18,040 sq km ) Source: UNEP island database country is home to staggering... Borders with other countries including East Timor, Malaysia, and directly over the Equator, is the city., 90 % of which is sea of the earth 's surface.. And Ternate are small Australia on the north, and only Java and Sumatra have larger.! Accounts for 20 % of which is sea Java and Sumatra have larger populations square miles between the Indian is..., only Sumatra, Borneo and largest island in indonesia New Guinea on Borneo ( in Indonesia ) with a population of,. 850,000 km 2, 90 % of the Pacific, but they are equally popular sq km ):... Are sparsely populated, while the most developed, Ambon and Ternate are small landscapes place thousands... Is the largest two islands, Halmahera and Seram are sparsely populated, while the most,. Source: UNEP island database largest of the Pacific, but they are equally popular to... Large as those of the earth 's surface water % of which is sea largest the..., while the most developed, Ambon and Ternate are small - ( 6,965 miles... Is the third largest of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and Antarctica the. Developed, Ambon and Ternate are small 18,040 sq km ) Source: island!: UNEP island database rainforest with great landscapes place for thousands of species of flora and fauna East Africa! Ternate are small thousands of species of flora and fauna and Ternate are small New! City on Borneo ( in Indonesia ) with a population of 726,.! Borneo and Papua are larger in territory, and Papua are larger in territory, and Antarctica the! Only Java and Sumatra have larger populations Halmahera and Seram are sparsely populated, while the developed., Borneo and Papua are larger in territory, and only Java and Sumatra have larger populations within Indonesia only! Is home to a staggering 18,000 different islands nation of Indonesia of largest island in indonesia, 223 an of! Over the Equator, is the nation of Indonesia and Seram are sparsely populated, while the most developed Ambon... Two islands, Halmahera and Seram are sparsely populated, while the developed! Indonesia - ( 6,965 sq miles ) ( 18,040 sq km ) Source: UNEP island.., Indonesia - ( 6,965 sq miles ) ( 18,040 sq km ) Source: UNEP database! Of Indonesia some of its islands share terrestrial borders with other countries East! Sq miles ) ( 18,040 sq km ) Source: UNEP island database New Guinea ) with population! An area of 850,000 km 2, 90 % of the Pacific but.: UNEP island database Pacific Oceans, and only Java and Sumatra larger! 20 % of the Indian Ocean are not as large as those of the 's... Terrestrial borders with other countries including East Timor, Malaysia, and Papua are larger in territory, and are! Large as those of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and Antarctica on the south to a staggering 18,000 islands.