Nasopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) Doctors call this part of cancer treatment “palliative care" or "supportive care.” It is an important part of your treatment plan, regardless of your age or the stage of disease. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology. Nasopharyngeal cancer treatment options include radiation therapy alone, radiation and chemotherapy, surgery, and chemotherapy alone. upper part of the pharynx (throat) Even when clinical trials do not lead to effective new treatments, they often answer important questions and help move research forward. Most people with NPC get a combination of radiation and chemotherapy. Nasopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (Adult) (PDQ®)–Patient Version. affect the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer. The portion of the blood sample made up of red blood cells. If cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, the doctor may remove lymph nodes and other tissues in the neck. The cancer has not yet spread to lymph nodes in these stages, but the nearby lymph nodes in the neck are usually treated with radiation therapy as well. gland works. Depending on the stage of the cancer, your overall health, and other factors, your treatment options may include: Depending on the stage of the cancer, you may get more than 1 of these treatments. What does it take to outsmart cancer? At the American Cancer Society, we’re on a mission to free the world from cancer. Whether you are thinking about treatment, getting treatment, or not being treated at all,  you can still get supportive care to help with pain or other symptoms. Your care plan may also include treatment for symptoms and side effects, an important part of cancer care. You may hear about alternative or complementary methods that your doctor hasn’t mentioned to treat your cancer or relieve symptoms. Accessed at https://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/head-and-neck.pdf on June 19, 2019. But adding chemo leads to more side effects, which can affect quality of life. Version 1.2019. Anything that increases your risk of getting a disease is called a risk factor. The treatment information given here is not official policy of the American Cancer Society and is not intended as medical advice to replace the expertise and judgment of your cancer care team. Some clinical trials only include patients who have not yet received treatment. cancer is usually radiation We’ve invested more than $4.9 billion in cancer research since 1946, all to find more – and better – treatments, uncover factors that may cause cancer, and improve cancer patients’ quality of life. Having a risk factor does not mean that you will The following are treatment options for stage 4 nasopharyngeal cancer. There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body. Our team of expert journalists brings you all angles of the cancer story – from breaking news and survivor stories to in-depth insights into cutting-edge research. The content of PDQ documents can be used freely as text. Different types of programs and support services may be helpful, and can be an important part of your care. We can even find you a free ride to treatment or a free place to stay when treatment is far from home. A treatment clinical trial is a research study meant to help Patients may want to think about taking part in a clinical trial. Treatment options for Nasopharyngeal Cancer. The patient versions are written in easy-to-understand, nontechnical language. Tissue. cancer may include the following: Treatment of stage III nasopharyngeal There are also clinical trials that test new ways to stop cancer from recurring (coming back) or reduce the side effects of cancer treatment. Treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma depends on many factors like location of the tumor, its stage and the general health condition of the patient. Complementary methods refer to treatments that are used along with your regular medical care. This is preventive (prophylactic) radiation. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). The cancer gets into the lymph system, travels through the lymph vessels, and forms a. Whether you want to learn about treatment options, get advice on coping with side effects, or have questions about health insurance, we’re here to help. Get detailed information about the treatment of newly diagnosed and recurrent nasopharyngeal cancer in this summary for clinicians. Your feelings after nasopharyngeal cancer treatment For some people, it takes several months to recover from treatment. Surgery is The disease is metastatic nasopharyngeal cancer, not lung cancer. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Your healthcare team will suggest treatments based on your needs and work with you to develop a treatment plan. Accessed . These types of radiation therapy include the following: The way the radiation therapy is given depends on the type and stage of the cancer being treated. It is also important that a dentist check the patient’s teeth, gums, and mouth, and fix any existing problems before radiation therapy begins. They are also the best way for doctors to learn better methods to treat cancer. Radiotherapy is the main type of treatment for nasopharyngeal cancers. Other trials test treatments for patients whose cancer has not gotten better. Accessed at www.cancer.gov/types/head-and-neck/patient/adult/nasopharyngeal-treatment-pdq on April 24, 2018. Importance: Since the advent of modern radiotherapy techniques and incorporation of systemic chemotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer, locoregional control has been excellent. Call our National Cancer Information Center at 1-800-227-2345 and speak with one of our trained specialists. 1. Experts agree that the best way to treat NPC in the more advanced stages is in a clinical trial. Surgery is sometimes used for nasopharyngeal cancer that does not respond to radiation therapy. Alternative treatments are used instead of a doctor’s medical treatment. Sometimes, the pathologist’s review results in a change to the stage of the cancer and more treatment after surgery. Although some of these methods might be helpful in relieving symptoms or helping you feel better, many have not been proven to work. Clinical trials are done to find out if new cancer treatments are safe and effective or better than the standard treatment. The three parts of the pharynx are the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx. Chemotherapy plus the targeted drug cetuximab (Erbitux) or immunotherapy may be other options. Cancer has spread to the parapharyngeal space and/or nearby muscles. It can be hard to cope if treatment has changed your appearance, voice or how you eat and drink. Importance Since the advent of modern radiotherapy techniques and incorporation of systemic chemotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer, locoregional control has been excellent. General information about clinical trials is also available. Other treatment options in these stages include induction chemo followed by chemoradiation or just chemoradiation, or possibly immunotherapy (alone or with chemo). Cisplatin and fluorouracil (5FU) are the most common chemotherapy drugs used for nasopharyngeal cancer. You can search for trials based on the type of cancer, the age of the patient, and where the trials are being done. 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