By 1490, new factors had come into play. Although Zoë believed Michael would prove to be a more devoted husband than Romanos, she was sadly mistaken. Sophia -A Byzantine Princess Come to Russia. Zoe (in Greek: Ζωή, Zōē, meaning "Life"), (c. 978–June 1050) was Empress of the Byzantine Empire with co-rulers November 15, 1028–1050, and senior reigning Empress from April 19 to June 11, 1042. When Ivan the Young asked for these jewels (he wanted to give them to his wife, Elena, as a gift), he discovered them missing; outraged, he ordered a search. Her next choice was the married Constantine Atroklines, a court official, with whom it was rumoured that she had had an affair with during the reign of Romanos III. His brother Basil II, the senior co-ruler, prevented his nieces from marrying any of the Byzantine nobility, as this would have given their husbands a claim on the imperial throne. Zoë, Empress of Constantinople was the daughter of Constantine VIII, Emperor of Constantinople. 1449–1453). They were restored to favor in mid-1499 and allowed to return to court. (This Byzantine court title for an empress, "Lady" was given to Sophia as her father's heir. ) The negotiations lasted for three years. However, if any tension existed between father and son, it did not interfere with his rights: From 1477 Ivan the Young was officially referred to as the co-ruler of Ivan III. Dmitri (6 October 1481 – 14 February 1521), Prince of Uglich. Однак шлюб не був щасливим. The doctor was executed,[11] and in Moscow, rumors spread about Sophia, alleging that she had poisoned the heir. Over time, the second marriage of the Grand Prince was one of the main sources of tension in the court, thanks to the "shrewd" character of the new Grand Princess[3] and the spreading rumours that her husband let himself be directed by her suggestions. Another source of tension appeared in the Russian court in January 1483, when Ivan the Young married Elena, daughter of Stephen III the Great, Prince of Moldavia. After his death, ruled as Emperor until her own death. Surviving letters of the Cardinal show the Pope followed the evolution and welfare of Sophia and her brothers: they received the amount of 3,600 crowns (in payments of 200 crowns per month for their clothes, horses and servants, and an additional 100 crowns for the maintenance of a modest household, which included a doctor, a Latin teacher, a Greek teacher, a translator, and one or two priests). By 1806, the baby name Zoe surfaced in France. 1.… She was also enthroned as the Empress Consort to a series of co-rulers beginning with Romanos III in 1028 until her death in 1050 while married to Constantine IX. The bride was accompanied by Cardinal Bessarion, who was probably able to act as an agent at the Moscow court. Zoë was fifty when she first married, yet despite her age, she married twice more. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. of Eudocia Macrembolitissa (1021–1096) and Constantine X Ducas (d. 1067), Byzantine emperor (r. 1059–1067).See Women in World History. Through her eldest son Vasili III, she was also the grandmother of Ivan the Terrible, the first Tsar of All Russia. Theodora was taller and thinner, and considered plain. Her father had become co-emperor in 962, and sole emperor in 1025. Zoe was fifty when she first married. She was the daughter of Constantine VIII and Helena, daughter of Alypius. Zoë later visited her sister and forced her to take religious vows. The word "Sophia" is etched on the lid of the sarcophagus. Theodora was the junior empress, and her throne … GoogleBooks. [3] It is believed that Sophia introduced grand Byzantine ceremonies and meticulous court etiquette into the Kremlin, pleased with the idea of Moscow as a Third Rome. [2]:253 Apparently a very plain woman, she was overlooked in favour of her sister Zoe, who was selected as the potential bride, but Otto III died … With Vilen Babichev, Ksana Radchenko, Mariya Andreeva, Evgeniy Tsyganov. She was aware of her charms and meant to keep and use them for as long as possible. He reigned for only three years between December 15, 1025 and November 15, 1028. [6][7], Special mansions and gardens were built for Sophia in Moscow, but they were burned in the great Moscow fire of 1493, and much of the treasure of the Grand Princess was lost. stepdaughter. She was a farmer’s daughter, not a Byzantine princess. Her father became co-emperor, at the age of two, in 962. У квітні 1034 її чоловіка втопили. Zoë (c. 978 – June 1050) reigned as Byzantine Empress alongside her sister Theodora from April 19 to June 11, 1042. The mob was only quieted by the appearance at a balcony of Zoë and Theodora, who reassured the people that they were not in any danger of assassination. The court soon began to split, with factions forming behind each empress. Through her daughter, Anastasia Petrovna, wife of Prince Fyodor Mikhailovich, Feodosia (29 May 1485 – 19 February 1501), married, Simeon (21 March 1487 – 26 June 1518), Prince of Kaluga, fled to, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 23:21. Otto was himself the son of the Byzantine princess Theophano, niece of John I Tzimisces, who had married Otto II in St Peter's in Rome in 972. Although he promised to respect Zoë, he promptly banished her to a monastery on Principus (one of the Princes' Islands) on charges of attempted regicide. Catherine, who remained in Corfu with her children, died there on 16 August 1462. Zoe Palaiologina (Byzantine Greek: Ζωή Παλαιολογίνα), who later changed her name to Sophia Palaiologina (Russian: София Фоминична Палеолог; ca. Around 1467, Pope Paul II offered Sophia's hand to a Prince Caracciolo. Constantine VIII and the fifty-year-old Zoë rejected the idea out of hand when it was revealed that the intended groom Henry, the son of Conrad II, was only ten years old. Zoe was one of the few Byzantine empresses who was Porphyrogenita, or "born into the purple" (that is, as the child of a reigning emperor). Dresses. Daughter of Constantine VIII, Eastern Roman Emperor and Helena Alypius, byzantine empress Romanos incurred his wife's animosity by paying little attention to her and limiting her spending, while Zoe herself became enamoured of her courtier Michael. It’s set in the mid 15th century and is about the last … She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and his wife Helena. In Byzantine art, the Deesis is a traditional representation of Christ enthroned, flanked by Mary and St. John the Baptist; these two figures are appealing to Christ for mercy on behalf of the beholder (viewer) on Judgment Day Il più bel capolavoro che ho ammirato da molti anni in qua! With Vilen Babichev, Ksana Radchenko, Mariya Andreeva, Evgeniy Tsyganov. On 4 February 1498, in the Dormition Cathedral in an atmosphere of great splendor, Prince Dmitry was crowned Grand Prince and co-ruler with his grandfather. Nell'arte Bizantina la Deesis è una rappresentazione tradizionale di Cristo in trono… She was buried in a massive white stone sarcophagus in the crypt of the Ascension Convent in the Kremlin, next to the grave of Maria of Tver, the first wife of Ivan III. 11th c.): Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages dictionary. 1449 – 7 April 1503), was a Byzantine princess, member of the Imperial Palaiologos family, Grand Princess of Moscow as the second wife of Grand Prince Ivan III. Thomas Palaiologos died on 12 May 1465.[2]. In particular, the Grand Princess was unable to obtain government posts for her relatives: Her brother, Andreas, departed from Moscow with nothing, and her niece Maria (wife of Vasily Mikhailovich, Hereditary Prince of Verey-Belozersky) was forced to flee to Lithuania with her husband, an event which further undermined Sophia's position at court. The population of the city, loyal to Zoe, quickly forced him to recall the empress and her younger sister Theodora in April 1042. The idea of this marriage perhaps was born in the mind of Cardinal Bessarion. For fear Akhmad would finally take Moscow, she was advised to flee farther north, to the sea. Her father had become co-emperor in 962 and sole emperor in 1025. On 11 April 1502, the dynastic struggle came to an end. Prince Vasily did not wait for retribution to be carried out against him, but fled to Lithuania with his wife. Sophia Palaiologina was the subject of the 2016 Russian television series Sophia, in which she was portrayed by Mariya Andreyeva.[17]. The family returned to Moscow only in the winter. Despite her age, she married twice more. Theodora was the junior empress, and her throne … He died under mysterious circumstances a few days before the wedding was to take place, possibly poisoned by his own soon to be ex-wife. Below an image of Emperor Constantine IX, Princess Zoe’s uncle, the last Byzantine Emperor, killed by the Turks at the Siege of Constantinople in 1453 . Legend says that Sophia's dowry included books that became the basis of the famous library of Ivan the Terrible. As women they were unable to exercise any state authority; their only say in this was in … Enter Andras Bakony, a … With typical Byzantine ingenuity, she had many rooms in her chambers converted into laboratories for the preparation of secret ointments, and she was able to keep her face free of wrinkles until she was sixty. After the death of his second wife, Constantine also took her niece Maria Skleraine as his mistress. In January 1002 she accompanied Arnulf back to Italy, only to discover when the ship reached Bari that Otto III had died, forcing her to return home. Zoe was one of the few Byzantine empresses who was Porphyrogenita, or "born into the purple" (that is, as the child of a reigning emperor). Spending years in the same restrictive quarters with her sister, Zoë came to loathe Theodora. The Venetian ambassador Ambrogio Contarini writes that in 1476 he had an audience with the Grand Duchess, who received him politely and kindly, and respectfully asked about the Doge. Після цього Зою та її молодшу сестру Феодору проголошено імператрицями. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991. Despite being only twenty-one years of age, Zoe was already the model Byzantine princess; pious, accomplished in the classics, fully versed in court ceremony and of course, strikingly beautiful. Adopted by the Papacy after her father's death together with her brothers, her name Zoe was changed to Sophia. That’s the year Zoe … Zoe Ducas (fl. The Byzantine ambassadors come to the audience with Grand Duke Ivan III. Mother of Michael V Kalaphates, byzantine emperor "the Caulker" Destined to become the first influential female figure of the Russian Empire, Sophia overcomes court intrigue and betrayals, and helps Ivan consolidate the fragmented country, push … Nevertheless, the disgruntled empress conspired in vain against John in 1037 or 1038. 880 d. 928 [son of Boso Count of Vienne King of Provence #17441 and Ermengard Princess of Italy #17440] Anna Myakes, Byzantine Princess. As with her sister, we know very little of her early life other than that she was probably raised in luxury in the women’s quarter of the palace and received an education befitting a Byzantine princess. Zoe was born in the Morea in 1449, to Thomas Palaiologos, Despot of the Morea and younger brother of the last Byzantine Emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos (r. She was co-empress with her sister Zoë for two months in 1042 and sole empress regnant from 11 January 1055 to 31 August 1056. Shortly afterwards, Theodora was accused of plotting to usurp the throne, first with Presian of Bulgaria, followed by Constantine Diogenes, the Archon of Sirmium, in 1031. During Constantine’s reign, Zoë gladly handed over all imperial power and responsibility to him. Zoe was born c. 978 CE, one of three daughters of Constantine VIII (r. 1025-1028 CE). After several months of rule, the new emperor exiled his adoptive mother to a convent on Principus (one of the Princes' Islands near Constantinople). Arnulf therefore selected the attractive 23-year-old Zoë, to which her uncle Basil II agreed. Although, I believe that symbol of Byzantine women is rivalled by Empress Zoe, who easily is one of my five favourite rulers of Byzantium. On 11 February 1469, a delegation led by Cardinal Bessarion arrived in Moscow with the formal proposal of marriage between Sophia and the Grand Prince. Ironically, the most capable of her husbands was the one who was least well prepared to be emperor, Michael IV. Maria of Tver, the first wife of Grand Prince Ivan III of Moscow, died in 1467. According to sources, Sophia arranged her niece's marriage to Prince Vasily in 1480, and in 1483 she gave her some jewelry that belonged to Ivan III's first wife. [9][10] In 1493, Sophia was able to obtain a pardon for her niece and her husband, but for unknown reasons they never returned. He arrived there on 23 May, after a journey of more than four months. Earlier, she had lost a couple of opportunities to become empress of the Holy Roman Empire. The heir's new wife soon became involved in court intrigues, especially after 10 October 1483, when she gave birth to a son, Dmitry. She first appears on the stage of history when her uncle emperor Basil II (r. 976-1025 CE) promised her in a marriage of alliance to Otto III (r. 996-1002 CE), the Holy Roman Emperor. He had no children with his first wife or with the aging Zoe. [5] (The Korsun cross is on view in the collections of the Moscow Kremlin Museums . She tried using magic charms, amulets, and potions, all without effect. Thomas and his family escaped to Corfu, and, then to Rome, where (already recognized as the legitimate heir to the Byzantine Empire by the Pope) he made a ceremonial entrance as Byzantine Emperor on 7 March 1461. Almost immediately upon marrying Romanos, the fifty-year-old Zoë tried desperately to become pregnant. Zoë was Porphyrogenita, "born into the purple"; this was the appellation for a child born in the capital to a reigning emperor. Three days later, on 14 April, Vasili was crowned the new Grand Prince and co-ruler; soon Dmitry and his mother were transferred from house arrest to prison. This failure to conceive helped alienate the couple, and soon Romanos refused to share the bed with her. The downfall of Dmitry and Elena also determined the fate of the Moscow-Novgorod Reformation movement in the Orthodox Church:[13] In 1503, a council finally defeated it, and many prominent and progressive leaders of this movement were executed. Ivan III's motives for pursuing this union were probably connected with the status and rights of the Greek princess over Constantinople. Princess Zoe in my story, however, is very different to the person of history. Constantine Monomachos was married three times: to Helena Sklerina, daughter of Basil Sklerus and niece of Emperor Romanus III. Zoë was Porphyrogenita, "born into the purple"; this was the appellation for a child born in the capital to a reigning emperor. So Anna became the first Byzantine princess to marry -for political reasons- a "barbarian" foreign ruler. Цариця Зоя померла 1050 року у віці 72 років після нетривалої агонії. Far from Rome in this cold and inhospitable land, where she had been under the watchful eye of Cardinal Bessarion, she comes to Muscovy against her own will with a … With typical Byzantine ingenuity, she had many rooms in her chambers converted into laboratories for the preparation of secret ointments, and it was said she was able to keep her face relatively youthful until she was sixty. Zoe Palaiologina (Greek: Ζωή Παλαιολογίνα), who later changed her name to Sophia Palaiologina (Russian: София Фоминична Палеолог; ca. Її поховали у збудованій нею константинопольській церкві Христа Антіфоніта. In the eyes of the public however, Constantine IX’s preferential treatment of his mistress was a scandal, and eventually rumours began to spread that Skleraina was planning to murder both Zoë and Theodora. The fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453 was a turning point in Zoe's fate. From a macro-historic perspective, it worked out fine. Romanos incurred his wife's animosity by paying little attention to her and limiting her spending, while he tolerated her various affairs. Silver gilt pectoral icon of ‘Christ Pantocrator, the Twelve Apostles, Our Lady of the Sign, and the Selected Saints’ is a part … Although Theodora and Zoë appeared together at meetings of the Senate, or when they gave public audiences, it was soon apparent that their joint reign was under considerable strain. Zoe Palaiologina was the niece of the last Byzantine Emperor Constantinus XII.She spent her childhood in Rome, where her name was changed to Sophia. Through her eldest son Vasili III, she was also the grandmother of Ivan the Terrible, the first Tsar of All Russia. Some sources say that the ceremony was performed by Metropolitan Philip, others state that Hosea, Abbot of Kolomna, was the officiant. Dau. Ivan the Young became ill with gout. Zoë (c. 978 – June 1050) reigned as Byzantine Empress alongside her sister Theodora from April 19 to June 11, 1042. Modern historians, however, consider the theory that Sophia poisoned Ivan the Young to be unverifiable, due to lack of sources. [1] Her mother was Catherine, the only legitimate daughter and heiress of Centurione II Zaccaria, the last independent Prince of Achaea and Baron of Arcadia. In the late 1400s, another Byzantine princess, Zoe Palaiologina, married Grand Prince Ivan III of Moscow – where she became known as Sophia. -, Alexander Jagiellon, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, https://pt.findagrave.com/memorial/112125107/alexandra-pavlovna-armour, Уроки истории: канал «Россия 1» начинает показ исторического сериала «София», https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sophia_Palaiologina&oldid=988567418, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Byzantine Greek-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 29. 11th c.)Byzantine princess. ][4]] Regrettably the highly eligible young bridegroom (Otto had been born in 980) had died before the princess arrived at Bari in February 1002, and she had had to turn round and come home again. By John Skylitzes, John Wortley. Zoë then remembered the handsome and urbane Constantine Monomachos, another former lover. [3], Before the invasion of Akhmad in 1480, Sophia, her children, household and treasury were sent away, first to Dmitrov and then on to Belozersk. Zoe and Theodora were the daughters 1 of Constantine VIII, and nieces of Basil II the Bulgar Slayer. Sister of Eudokia Porphyrogenita and Theodora Porphyrogenita, byzantine empress, http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00027726&tree=LEO. Sophia Palaiologina heiress of the Byzantine emperors. She was the daughter of Constantine VIII and Helena, daughter of Alypius. Consequently, Zoë lived a life of virtual obscurity in the imperial gynaeceum until circumstances (her uncle Basil II dying childless and her dying father not siring any sons) forced her into the centre of imperial politics. In 1472 Ivan III, Grand Prince of All Russia (Known also as “Ivan the Terrible”) married Princess Zoe (Sophia) Paleologos, daughter of Thomas, Emperor of Byzantium in exile, and niece of the last Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI. Eventually however, in 1033, Zoë became enamoured of her courtier Michael, flaunted her lover openly, and spoke about making him emperor. She died on 7 April 1503, two years before her husband (who died on 27 October 1505). Karbonopsina, also Karvounopsina or Carbonopsina, i.e., "with the Coal-Black Eyes" (Greek: Ζωή Καρβωνοψίνα, Zōē Karbōnopsina), was fourth wife of the Byzantine Emperor Leo VI the Wise and the mother of Constantine VII. Ivan the Great, Grand Prince of Moscow (1440-1505), who ruled the Russian lands longer than anybody in history, was married to Zoe Palaiologina (Sophia in Russia), a Byzantine princess. So Anna became the first Byzantine princess to marry -for political reasons- a "barbarian" foreign ruler. The wedding cost a fortune and the people had to pay a special tax to cover the cost. Theodora's life was … Ivan's marriage to Byzantine princess Zoe Paleologa allowed Moscow to grow culturally to what some considered to be a third Rome. On 10 December 1041, Michael IV died, refusing to the last to see his wife who begged that she be allowed to see him one more time before he died, and Michael V was crowned emperor. Officially, while Theodora was the junior empress, and her throne was situated slightly behind Zoë’s in all public occasions, she was the driving force behind the joint administration. Zoe was born in 978 during the reign of her uncle Basil. [3] She spent the next years in the court of Pope Sixtus IV. Theodora and Zoë appeared together at meetings of the Senate. She married, firstly, Romanus III Argyrus, Emperor of Constantinople. Medieval Dress.. stepson. [1]:503 As an eligible imperial princess, she was considered as a possible bride for the Holy Roman Emperor in the west, Otto III in 996. She was aware of her charms and meant to keep and use them for as long as possible. Зоя була дочкою візантійського імператора Костянтина VIII та, ймовірно, принцесою, яку обіцяли імператору Оттону III. Fiancée of Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor Однак весілля внаслідок його ранньої смерті не відбулося. The eldest, Eudocia, was disfigured by smallpox, while the youngest, Theodora, was a very plain girl. With Michael V dealt with, Theodora refused to leave Hagia Sophia until she had received word from Zoë, some 24 hours after Theodora had been crowned. Ironically, the most capable of her husbands was the one who was least well prepared to be emperor, Michael IV. By this time, Zoe had reached 50 and had failed to produce any heir. Surprisingly, the 64-year-old Zoë did not object to sharing her bed and her throne with Skleraina. During the reign of Bayezid II, Manuel returned to Constantinople (now Istanbul) and remained at the mercy of the Sultan; according to some sources, he converted to Islam, raised a family and served in the Turkish Navy. Key members of the court decided that Zoë needed a co-ruler, and that it should be her sister Theodora. She married, secondly, Michael IV 'the Paphlagonian', Emperor of Constantinople after 1034. Seven years later, in 1460, the Ottoman army attacked Morea and quickly breached the Hexamilion wall across the Isthmus of Corinth, which was too long to be effectively manned and defended by Thomas' forces. Birth of Michael V Kalaphates, byzantine emperor &qu... Death of Zoe Porphyrogenita, byzantine empress at Co... Zoe Porphyrogenita, byzantine empress worked as Impé... Zoe Porphyrogenita, byzantine empress worked as Keis... Burial of Zoe Porphyrogenita, byzantine empress, "Zoe Argyros", "Елена (Мария) Склирина", "Elena (Maria) Sklirina", "императрица Зоя Аргирина (Лакапина)", Empress of Constantinople, co-empress 15 novemer 1028-1050, senior reigning empress 19 april-11 june 1042, John Skylitzes: A Synopsis of Byzantine History, 811–1057: Translation and Notes. On 24 June 1472, Sophia and Fryazin, left Rome with a grand entourage. Russian coat of arms. The Ottonians were known to intermarry with the Byzantines, and Otto III, who was raised by his Greek mother, was betrothed to the Byzantine princess Zoe, who reigned as Byzantine Empress OTL. One supported the heir to the throne, Ivan the Young, and the other sided with Sophia. They married on November 10, 1028 in the imperial chapel of the palace, and by November 12 they were seated on the imperial throne. The sisters deposed Michael V, blinded him, and exiled him to a monastery, where he died later the same year. Zoë immediately assumed power and tried to force Theodora back to her monastery, but the Senate and the people demanded that the two sisters should jointly reign. Независимый летописный свод 80-х гг. Michael IV was concerned about Zoë turning on him the way she had turned on Romanos, so he excluded Zoë from politics by placing all power in the hands of his brother John the Eunuch. The first potential match for Zoë was the distinguished noble Constantine Dalassenos, the former dux of Antioch. This treatment of the legitimate heir to the Macedonian Dynasty caused a popular uprising in Constantinople, and on April 19, 1042, the people dethroned Michael V in support of not only Zoë, but also Theodora. It is somewhat unconventional for a woman of her standing to ride but she prefers it. They were solemnly betrothed, but the marriage never took place. According to the chronicle, embassy of the Byzantine Princess Zoe (later Sophia) Palaiologina came from Rome to Moscow with that cross in 1473. 4. The marriage between Sophia and Ivan III was proposed by Pope Paul II in 1469, probably with the hope of strengthening the influence of the Catholic Church in Russia, or the unification of the Orthodox and Catholic as was stipulated in the Council of Florence. By 1041 it was obvious that Michael IV was dying. The princely family increased significantly: between 1474 and 1490, as the Grand Princess gave birth to eleven children, five sons and six daughters. Elena of Moldavia died in prison on 18 January 1505. Byzantine audiences would be reminded not only of the biblical events and their theological significance, but also of the divine source of impe-rial power, of the similarity of the rulers to the apostles illuminated by the Holy Spirit, and of the memory of two illustrious predecessors of Zoe and Theodora who were crowned on this very day. Михайло V пробує її заслати у монастир (18/19 квітня 1041), що закінчується повстанням і скиненням його з трону. There is a legend associated with the birth of Sophia's eldest son, the future Vasily III: During one of her pious trips to Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, the Grand Princess had a vision of the Venerable Sergius of Radonezh, who "presented her the long-waited son between his arms.". Her first preference was Constantine Dalassenos, who had been her father’s first choice as her husband back in 1028, but after he displayed his contempt for the empress, she threw him out of her presence. Soon, the court nobility divided into two parties. The sisters granted Skleraina the title of sebaste and she took rank after Zoë and Theodora, being called despoina, mistress or empress, like them and taking her place behind them in official processions and ceremonies. From a macro-historic perspective, it worked out fine. The last chariot race in Constantinople was in the huge courtyard of the Blachernae palaces for the wedding of a prince of the Angelid Dynasty in 1200. Kiev in 1046 word `` Sophia '' is etched on the following day was. Цариця Зоя померла 1050 року у віці 72 років після нетривалої агонії imperial was... Sided with Sophia, Pope Paul II offered Sophia 's supporters were less secure at that.... 31 August 1056, forcing Michael V, blinded byzantine princess zoë, and potions all... 50 and had failed to produce any heir. guaranteed Michael ’ s safety ordering! Empress of the Byzantine Empire in 1453 was a turning point in Zoe 's fate was born in.... 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