He is credited to have introduced the method of sterilizing surgical instruments with carbolic acid which greatly reduced the risk of post-operative infections in patients. He was born on April 5, 1827, the fourth of seven children, in Upton, a village near London. Lister came to Edinburgh in 1853 after graduating in medicine in London. When Lister was a surgeon, bloodstained bed linens and lab coats weren’t washed, and surgical instruments were rarely cleaned. Lister was shocked that half of patients died after surgery. Lister has public monuments and hospitals dedicated to him around the world, but if you travel to Antarctica, you may also encounter a massive mountain named in his honor: At around 13,200 feet, Mount Lister is the highest point in the Royal Society Range, a mountain range in Victoria Land, Antarctica, that was first explored by the British during the Discovery Expedition from 1901 to 1904. Joseph Lister was a British surgeon who was the founder of antiseptic medicine and a pioneer in preventive medicine. Joseph Lister Facts To Lister’s satisfaction, not only were the surgical patients helped by germ-free healing, but the environment in hospital as a whole also improved. In this lesson, learn about his life, discoveries, and legacy. In 1861, Lister observed that 45 to 50 percent of amputation patients died from sepsis. From a technical viewpoint, Lister was not an exceptional surgeon, but his research into bacteriology and infection in wounds raised his operative technique to a new plane where his observations, deductions and practices revolutionised surgery throughout the world. "I know that if it had not been for you and your work, I wouldn’t be sitting here today," the monarch told Lister. Joseph Lister studied at the University of London and he entered the Royal College of Surgeons when he was 26. This changed in the 19th century with a British physician named Joseph Lister (1827-1912), who dedicated his life to learning what caused infections and how to prevent them. Lister was born in the village of Upton, in Essex, England, and studied at University College, London. His father was a pioneer of achromatic object lenses for the compound microscope. Brilliant….. Joseph Lister was born in Upton,Essex, England, on April 5, 1827. Lister would remain beloved among members of the royal family, including Edward VII, who was diagnosed with appendicitis two days before his royal coronation in 1902. Random Joseph Lister Fact He moved from Scotland to King's College Hospital in London and in 1881 he was elected President of the Clinical Society of London. Intrigued, Lister began using a formula of diluted carbolic acid—a coal-tar derivative used to kill parasites found in sewage—to sterilize medical instruments and wash his hands. Thanks , this helped me with my sats This site was really helpful. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. you are amazing, This helped me a lot in my exam in Victorians and I got an A…. He introduced principles of cleanliness that remain important to surgery today. However, Listerine would ultimately be marketed for oral hygiene purposes, after first being peddled as a cigarette additive, a cure for the common cold, a dandruff treatment, and more. His full name is Joseph Lister. and it helped so much in my daughters project thanks. Lister was brought up in a strict Quaker home and attended Benjamin Abbot’s Isaac Brown Academy, a Quaker school in the Hertfordshire town of Hitchin. Lister worked as a professor of surgery at universities in both Glasgow and Edinburgh. As a young doctor-in-training, he noted that some wounds healed when they were cleaned and damaged tissue was removed. Until the acceptance of germ theory in the 1860s, surgeons did not take any precautions to protect open wounds from infection. British scientist Joseph Lister noticed that surgery patients often died from infection. Lister successfully introduced carbolic acid (phenol) to sterilise surgical instruments and to … Listerine: What’s in a Name? Learn how your comment data is processed. Lister worked as a professor of surgery at universities in both, His greatest contribution to medicine was to promote the use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. We take it for granted that a surgeon will guard a patient's safety by using aseptic methods. In some respects the year 1860 represents a watershed in the history of surgery. Before Lister experimented with carbolic acid and learned to sterilize with it, many people died from simple wounds or surgery. Needed answers to my history/science homework, this website is AMAZING, i <3 it so much!!!!!!!!!!! Surgical patients once routinely died from their operations, because physicians believed that bad air—not bacteria—was responsible for their post-operative infections. This expedition was organized by the Royal Society and the Royal Geographical Society—and since Lister was the Royal Society’s president from 1895 to 1900, the range’s most majestic peak was named after him. Joseph Lister and the use of antiseptics. Required fields are marked *. Lister was heavily influenced by. He is known to have introduced the sterilization of surgical instruments with carbolic acid to reduce the great risk of having a post-operative infection. As Lister's fame grew, Queen Victoria made him a baronet in 1883. Lister would ultimately leave the Quaker faith to marry Agnes Syme, who belonged to the Scottish Episcopal Church. Lister would later joke to his medical students, "Gentlemen, I am the only man who has ever stuck a knife into the queen!". Lister was born in England on 5 April 1827. It was the year when a young surgeon from the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary by the name of Joseph Lister came to the University of Glasgow to take up the position of Regius Professor of Surgery. Your email address will not be published. Joseph Lister was English, but he spent most of his career in Scotland. While away at school, Lister came down with a mild case of smallpox. Fact 3. Joseph Listerwas a British Surgeon who was the pioneer of preventive medicine as well as the founder of the antiseptic medicine. Later, she elevated the physician to baron status. He worked closely with James Syme, the celebrated Professor of Surgery in Edinburgh, becoming his assistant and marrying his daughter. This website is very good and helped with my homework. Find out about some of the other famous Victorians by clicking here. The elder Lister's tinkering with early microscopes paved the way for today’s modern achromatic (non-color distorting) microscope—an accomplishment that would admit him to the Royal Society, the world’s oldest national scientific society. Joseph Lister and the story of antiseptic surgery. He was the second among three children. In addition to dissecting small creatures, articulating their skeletons, and sketching the remains, the younger Lister—who knew from an early age that he wanted to be a surgeon—spent much of his childhood using his father's microscopes to examine specimens. Further Reading on Joseph Lister. Hewas the second of three children born toJoseph Jackson Lister, a very successfulwine merchant and amateur scientist.Joseph Jackson Lister’s design ofa microscope lens which did not distortcolours opened the way for the microscopeto be used as a serious scientifictool. Carbolic acid was used on bandages and was even sprayed into the air during operations to kill bacteria and reduce the risk of the wound becoming infected. Helps for my Victorian project coming up! The popular mouthwash brand—which is promoted with the slogan "Kills germs that cause bad breath"—was originally invented in 1879 by American physician Joseph Lawrence. Here are some facts about Jospeh Lister: Joseph Lister studied at the University of London and he entered the Royal College of Surgeons when he was 26. Carbolic acid was a chemical used to deodorize sewage, which was helpful in a time when modern waste processing was not yet widely available. Additional Source: The Butchering Art: Joseph Lister's Quest to Transform the Grisly World of Victorian Medicine by Lindsey Fitzharris, finally meet in person for the first time. Well done, Scifi! English surgeon Joseph Lister (April 5, 1827–February 10, 1912), Baron Lister of Lyme Regis, is considered the father of modern surgery for his work developing sterilization procedures that … Glad we were able to help you out. Joseph Lister, 1 st Baron Lister, Bt., OM, FRS, PC (April 5, 1827 to February 10, 1912), was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery. Morning breath. Joseph Lister was born on 5 April 1827, in West Ham, England, to Joseph Jackson Lister, an amateur British opticist and physicist and his wife Isabella Harris, as one of their seven children. Joseph Lister found a way to prevent infection in wounds during and after surgery. Lister's Antisepsis System is the basis of modern infection control. He was the son of Joseph Jackson Lister, an amateur scientist who was influential in developing achromatic lenses for microscopes. He was also known as the first Baron Lister. Once, the surgeon even sewed a doll's missing leg back into place for a young charge. 13 Easy DIY Halloween Decorations – Ideas and Inspiration, 10 Creative DIY Star Wars Christmas Holiday Crafts, Christmas in Germany: Facts About German Christmas Traditions, TT Rockstars Tips: How to Get Better at Times Tables Rock Stars. Instead, many surgeons believed that miasmas—or bad air—emanating from the wound itself were responsible. Joseph Lister is the surgeon who introduced new principles of cleanliness which transformed surgical practice in the late 1800s. This totally helped me on my homework and I will definitely use this website for other topics. I will definitely be using it again. His father taught him how to use a microscope By the age of 16 he wanted to be a surgeon. He was the second man in England to operate on a brain tumor, and he worked out a method of repairing kneecaps with metal wire. He had a desire to become a surgeon. Hi Rebecca, However, Lister’s father encouraged him to stay in medicine and serve God by helping the sick. Joseph Lister (1827-1912) was a British surgeon who pioneered antiseptic surgical techniques, drastically reducing surgical mortality rates from nearly 50% to 15%. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. He lived a comfortable life in a Quaker home located in Upton, Essex. Lister was born in 1827 and died in 1912. Even if you didn’t learn about Lister in science class, you’ve probably used his namesake formula: Listerine. Joseph Lister did not discover a new drug but he did make the like between lack of cleanliness in hospitals and deaths after operations. (Scientists > Joseph Lister ) As for Pasteur and Lister, the two scientists corresponded, and would finally meet in person for the first time in 1878. During his childhood Lister studied fish and small animals. Joseph Lister, 1827–1912. He would rely on microscopes throughout his scientific career, using them to research the action of muscles in the skin and the eye, how blood coagulated, and how blood vessels reacted during an infection’s early stages. thanks to whoever made this page. He developed a method for keeping microbes, or germs, from entering the body during and after an operation. I’m glad you found the information useful. In 1897, he was made Baron Lister of Lyme Regis. ineeded this for my project homework. Ugh. According to statistics collected by Lister himself, the decrease went from almost 50% of those operated on to only 15%. It’s caused by the noxious odors of bacterial waste products in your mouth, and getting […] LOVEN IT! Like many young professionals, Lister sometimes had doubts about his career path. Joseph Lister was born on April 5, 1827 in Upton, Essex, England. He also applied this mixture to bandages, and sprayed carbolic acid in operating rooms where surgeries resulted in high mortality. He became a fluent reader of the French and German languages. When surgeon Joseph Lister died at the age of 84 on February 10, 1912, he left behind a drastic reduction in the mortality of surgical patients due to infections. Fact 1. Lawrence had created the green liquid as an alcohol-based surgical antiseptic, and he fittingly named the product after his pioneering predecessor. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. His results were encouraging, and he expanded the use of carbolic acid beyond direct application to the wounds to include surgical instruments, stitching materials, and wound dressings, e.g., gauze. Bright and curious as a young child, he studied fish and small animals. thank you who ever put this site up Hope your daughter’s project is a success! Joseph Jackson Lister, (born January 11, 1786, London, England—died October 24, 1869, West Ham, Essex), English amateur opticist whose discoveries played an important role in perfecting the objective lens system of the microscope, elevating that instrument to … Love it! His father made sure that Lister finished his … The physician received a devout Quaker upbringing, and at one point he considered becoming a priest instead of a surgeon. By 1879 Lister’s ideas had been accepted by most hospitals in Britain. Keep up the good work team. He entered the University College London and initially studied botany. Learn Joseph Lister facts for kids. The Lister Medal, a prestigious honor for a surgeon, is named after him. Ten fun facts about Joseph Lister. His greatest contribution to medicine was to promote the use of carbolic acid as an antiseptic. Lister was the fourth child and second son of Quaker parents, Joseph Jackson Lister and the former Isabella Harris, who had four sons and three daughters, Several generations of the Lister family had lived in Yorkshire when Joseph Lister, the illustrious surgeon’s great-grandfather (whose parents had joined the Society of Friends), went to London about 1720 and set up as a tobacconist. The move was supposed to be temporary, but Lister ended up finding both professional and personal success in Scotland: He married Syme’s daughter, Agnes, and was eventually appointed Regius Professor of Surgery at the University of Glasgow. He promoted the idea of sterile surgery while working at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary. Get to know the quiet, studious doctor who is often called “the father of modern surgery"—and who has both a mountain and a popular mouthwash brand named after him. Lister's most famous patient was Queen Victoria: In 1871, the surgeon was called to the monarch's estate in the Scottish Highlands after the queen sprouted an orange-sized abscess in her armpit. His father, Joseph Jackson Lister, was not only a wine merchant, but was also an amateur scientist. For this reason, he is known as the ‘Father of Antiseptic Surgery’. His work made possible tremendous advances in surgery. its really helpful this website got me a 5a on my science project. He reported the results at a meeting of the British Medical Association in 1867: "my wards […] have completely changed their character, so that during the last nine months not a single instance of [blood poisoning], hospital gangrene, or erysipelas has occurred in them.”. And even though Italian physician Fracastoro of Verona had theorized in 1546 that small germs could cause contagious diseases, nobody thought they had anything to do with wound infections. Joseph was the son of J.J. Lister who was the inventor of achromatic object lenses which were used in compound microscopes. Later, he registered as a medical … This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Lister was born in the village of Upton, in Essex, England, and studied at University College, London. Lister fastidiously applied carbolic acid directly to surgical openings in post-operative recovery. Fact 2. Joseph Lister was born on April 5, 1827, in Upton, England. Armed with carbolic acid, Lister lanced the mass, drained its pus, and dressed and treated the wound to prevent infection—but at one point, he accidentally sprayed his disinfectant in the displeased queen's face. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. He successfully introduced carbolic acid (now known as phenol) to sterilize surgical instruments and to clean wounds, which led to a reduction in the postoperative infection rate. Lister also made other contributions to medicine. Joseph Lister was an English surgeon, the first to provide a solution to the problem of wound infection following surgical operations. As a child, Lister’s scientific curiosity was encouraged by his father, Joseph Jackson Lister, who was an English wine merchant and amateur scientist. Lister was born in West Ham, Essex, in 1827. This contribution to science resultedin Joseph Jackson Lister’s beingmade a Fellow of t… THANKS FOR THE GREAT INFO. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. While some physicians balked at his techniques, claiming they wasted time and money, Lister’s approach caught on. In 1901, although he had retired as a surgeon, he was asked to give advice about antiseptics and sterilization when Edward VII had his appendix removed. Lister referred to some patients as "this poor man" or "this good woman" (he refused to call them "cases"), and he always tried to keep them calm and comfortable pre-and post-operation. THANKS SO MUCH, THIS INFORMATION WAS gR8! Joseph Lister was a British surgeon who made surgery safer for patients by introducing sterilization techniques. Joseph Lister was born in Upton, Essex, England, on April 5, 1827, the fourth of Joseph Jackson Lister and Isabella Harris Lister's seven children. Alternative Titles: Joseph Lister, Baron Lister of Lyme Regis, Sir Joseph Lister, Baronet Joseph Lister , in full Joseph Lister, Baron Lister of Lyme Regis , also called (1883–97) Sir Joseph Lister, Baronet , (born April 5, 1827, Upton, Essex , England—died February 10, 1912, Walmer, Kent), British surgeon and medical scientist who was the founder of antiseptic medicine and a pioneer in preventive medicine . Find out the famous British surgeon on Facts about Lister. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. 1918), is detailed but dated. Your email address will not be published. good stuff what he did to stop microoroganism!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Soon, physicians in Germany, the U.S., France, and Britain were following his lead. Lister, however, trusted his own observations. I love this website i go to this site for all of my information. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The Collected Papers of Joseph Baron Lister (2 vols., 1909) contains an excellent description and evaluation of Lister's work. However, the problem of infection continued to plague Lister through his career until he encountered the work of French scientist Louis Pasteur, who discovered that microbes could cause infection. Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister OM, KCVO, PC, PRS, FRCSE, FFPS (5 April 1827 – 10 February 1912), was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery. After graduating and working as a house surgeon at University College Hospital—where he became a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons—the young doctor moved to Edinburgh, Scotland, to work as renowned surgeon James Syme's assistant at the Royal Infirmary [PDF]. His birth date was on April 5th, 1827. Joseph Lister was born in Upton, Essex, England, on April 5 1827. His doctors consulted Lister before performing a successful surgery, and the king made sure to thank him once he was crowned. His father was a wealthy wine merchant and student of Latin and mathematics who also developed an achromatic (possessing no color) lens for the microscope. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. THANK YOU, I know right every school should use this, This has really livened my home work for history + this was a good revision guide. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. These were the most used language of medical text during that time. And at Pasteur's 70th birthday celebration in 1892, Lister gave a praise-filled speech about the life-saving benefits of Pasteur's research. 2. It had such a profound impact that he said the dreaded so-called “hospital diseases” had vanished from his wards. His introduction of carbolic acid to sterilize tools helped reduce infections after surgeries, making it safe for patients. Thanks this website really helps me in science and on my science projects. January 22, 2017. Joseph Lister (1827-1912) was a British surgeon who discovered how to use antiseptics to kill harmful germs. He was the fourth child of Joseph Jackson Lister and Isabella Harris Lister's of seven children. Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, OM, PC, PRS (5 April 1827 – 10 February 1912), known between 1883 and 1897 as Sir Joseph Lister, Bt., was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery.. Lister promoted the idea of sterile surgery while working at … The student left school in London and traveled around Britain and Europe for a year or so before returning to the university and pursuing his medical studies with renewed vigor. Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, (5 April 1827 – 10 February 1912) was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery. This was another great page for one of my homework/science projects. He was the first to apply the science of Germ Theory to surgery. His principles made surgery safe and continue to save countless lives. The official biography by Lister's nephew, Sir Rickman John Godlee, Lord Lister (1917; 2d ed. A video looking at the development of antiseptic surgery in the 19th century. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. Joseph Lister is considered by many to be the father of modern antisepsis. He recovered, but the health scare—along with the death of his older brother, who succumbed to a brain tumor—pushed him into a deep depression. 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To the problem of wound infection following surgical operations people died from sepsis year represents... Clicking here for all of my homework/science projects Edinburgh, becoming his assistant and marrying his daughter British. 1827-1912 ) was a pioneer of achromatic object lenses which were used in compound microscopes in Britain risk..., surgeons did not discover a new drug but he did make the like between of. Us analyze and understand how you use this website for other topics use this website would finally meet in for! The development of antiseptic surgery in the village of Upton, Essex, England with a case! Remembering your preferences and repeat visits of J.J. Lister who was the first to apply the science of Germ in... London and he entered the University of London and initially studied botany, England, on April,... 70Th birthday celebration in 1892, Lister ’ s ideas had been by... Many people died from sepsis he also applied this mixture to bandages, surgical. 2D ed birth date was on April 5th, 1827, in Essex, England on... Really helpful this website I go to this site for all of my information into. Lister finished his … joseph Lister studied fish and small animals Lister ( 1917 ; 2d ed 2d! He worked closely with James Syme, who belonged to the Scottish Episcopal.! And helped with my homework ( 1917 ; 2d ed universities in both Glasgow and Edinburgh College! Priest instead of a surgeon, the surgeon even sewed a doll 's missing leg into! Daughter ’ s father encouraged him to stay in medicine in London you through... On my homework and I will definitely use this website I go to this site all. Worked closely with James Syme, who belonged to the use of carbolic acid in operating where... In Britain considered becoming a priest instead of a surgeon, is named after him for the first apply... His namesake formula: Listerine decrease went from almost 50 % of those operated on only... His … joseph Lister found a way to prevent infection in wounds during and after an operation village of,. Rebecca, I ’ m glad you found the information useful fourth of seven.. School, Lister came to Edinburgh in 1853 after graduating in medicine in London us analyze and understand how use! Celebrated professor of surgery in the 19th century soon, physicians in Germany the. And studied at the Glasgow Royal Infirmary science projects at Pasteur 's research website I to. User consent prior to running these cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience remembering... The Lister Medal, a village near London he developed a method for keeping,. The famous British surgeon who discovered how to use a microscope by age... In high mortality instead, many surgeons joseph lister facts that miasmas—or bad air—emanating from the wound itself were.!, Lord Lister ( 1827-1912 ) was a British surgeon who made surgery safer for patients is... Cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website go! Safe and continue to save countless lives of seven children, in Essex,.. Noted that some wounds healed when they were cleaned and damaged tissue was removed also! Lister is considered by many to be a surgeon, is named after him April,! Becoming a priest instead of a surgeon, bloodstained bed linens and coats. Surgeons believed that miasmas—or bad air—emanating from the wound itself were responsible healed when they were cleaned and damaged was. The first to provide a solution to the Scottish Episcopal Church features of the French and German.! However, Lister gave a praise-filled speech about the life-saving benefits of Pasteur joseph lister facts research the development of surgery. These were the most used language of medical text during that time so in. Spent most of his career in Scotland died after surgery age of 16 he wanted to the! Known to have introduced the sterilization of surgical instruments were rarely cleaned most relevant experience remembering! Speech about the life-saving benefits of Pasteur 's research I ’ m glad you the. And deaths after operations who was influential in developing achromatic lenses for.! Includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the French and German languages, from entering the during., London a praise-filled speech about the life-saving benefits of Pasteur 's 70th birthday celebration in 1892, gave... Cleaned and damaged tissue was removed wound itself were responsible from infection balked...