Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr have a famous duel in Weehawken 2. The first Swedish Lutheran minister to arrive in 1643, John Campanius, apparently described the luxurious growth of tobacco by Swedes between Raccoon Creek and Mantua Creek (Bridgeport) as mentioned in "Early History" in, Munroe, 24. These victories forced the British to leave New Jersey. In addition to these, air defense radar sites, bases for interceptor aircraft, anti-aircraft gun batteries, surface-to-air missile sites, and command and control facilities were constructed to defend against an attack by long range, nuclear-armed aircraft of the Soviet Air Force. To find who the historian is for an area, check with the: Good genealogists strive to understand the life and times of their ancestors. (See Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal). For more information about local histories see the wiki page section New Jersey Local Histories. Contents. New Jersey is a very modern state that is chock-full of history. Like much of the rest of the United States, New Jersey entered a prosperous state through the 1920s. After the battle, Charles Lee was court-martialed for his poor command. However, after the court decision, disagreements between New Jersey and New York led to the sharing of jurisdiction over the island by the two states. Historian Thomas Buckingham, vice president of the Somerset County Historical Society in … Jon Corzine was elected Governor of New Jersey on November 8, 2005, and took office on January 17, 2006. 23,116 of those soldiers served in the Army of the Potomac. Traces of their Algonquian language survive in many place-names throughout the state.[3]. You May Also Like. That’s long before … Newark. 2 (1992): 159–193. Camp Kilmer was a staging area near New Brunswick that served the port of New York. Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury became the first governor of the colony as a royal colony. The letters were ultimately determined to have been mailed there by a Maryland-based scientist. In September 1664, a British fleet under Nicolls' command sailed into what is now New York Harbor and seized the colony. Listeners were told that a "huge, flaming object ... fell on a farm in the neighborhood of Grover's Mill ... twenty-two miles from Trenton. During the war, Naval Weapons Station Earle in Monmouth County was opened for naval production and provided ships with a safe port to take on ammunition. They have staff historians, researchers, planners, architectural historians, architects, engineers, and archaeologists all on hand to respond to more than 40,000 calls yearly from people working to preserve, protect and promote New Jersey’s historic resources. [citation needed], In the September 11, 2001, attacks, hijackers took control of four domestic U.S. commercial airliners, including United Airlines Flight 93 which departed from Newark International Airport. Bruce A. Bendler, "The Steam Mill and Jacksonian Politics: The Career of William N. From August 11 to August 13, 1964, similar riots occurred in Paterson and Elizabeth. New York The Big City Blog with Movies, News and Reviews,Celebrities,Shopping,Art, Publicidad. WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE IN NEW JERSEY Historians of gender have accepted the political historians' account of the brief period of female voting in New Jersey as anomalous. Many bridges and tunnels were built for the ease of interstate traveling. Even if your ancestor is not listed, information on other relatives may be included that will provide important clues for locating your ancestor. Retrouvez Jonathan Israel: Institute for Advanced Study, Age of Enlightenment, Princeton Township, New Jersey, Historians. They practiced small-scale agriculture (companion planting), such as growing corn and pole beans together and squash. The last major battle to take place in New Jersey during the Revolutionary War (and for the rest of the history of New Jersey) was the Battle of Springfield. Paleo-Indians first settled in the area of present-day New Jersey after the Wisconsin Glacier melted around 13,000 B.C. New Jersey became the last state in the Northeast to free slaves as it had more slaves than any other Northern state. Morris County Biorgraphy Bibliography(WorldCat) 3. With chair Carin Berkowitz (New Jersey Council for the Humanities) and panelists John R. Dichtl (American Association for State and Local History), Peter J. Burkholder (Fairleigh Dickinson Univ., Florham), and Robert B. Townsend (American Academy of Arts and … Later, the Continental army slipped past Cornwallis's stalled army and launched an attack on British soldiers stationed at Princeton in the Battle of Princeton on January 3, 1777. Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, containing anthrax bacteria were mailed to several news media offices and two US Senators, Article Seven of the United States Constitution, "A Brief History of New Sweden in America", http://colonialswedes.net/History/History.html, Surrender from the Proprietors of East and West New Jersey, of Their Pretended Right of Government to Her Majesty, "Historical Overview- Where's the Garden? Documents Relating to the Revolutionary History of the State of New Jersey . King Charles II had granted the lands between the Connecticut and Delaware Rivers to the Duke. The Family History Library has many county, town, and church histories. for example William N. Jeffers of Salem County, New Jersey, build his political success on leadership with the Jacksonian forces at the local level, while at the same time building his fortune with a bank charter and building a steam mill.[26]. Fourteen Nike anti-aircraft missile batteries in two groups were constructed in New Jersey to protect the metropolitan areas around Philadelphia and New York City. – Amid the tightly packed shore houses of Ocean City, a yellow-sided two-story building with … The incidents occurred during a deadly heat wave and polio epidemic in the Northeastern United States that drove thousands of people to the seaside resorts of the Jersey Shore. [27] Thousands of former slaves—both from rural New Jersey and the South—migrated to shore communities like Red Bank, Long Branch, and Asbury Park during the last decades of the nineteenth century, creating sizable, stable communities that persisted over the next century. New Jersey Devils. et des millions de livres en … It was during this battle that the legendary "Molly Pitcher" is said to have fought.[23]. Follow. For example Bruce Bendler argues that in New Jersey the same dramatic changes that were reshaping the rest of the country were especially pointed in that state in the 1820s. The New York Times Archives. According to the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates for Historians [ OCC_CODE : 19-3093] in the state of New Jersey (NJ) [Area: 34] are as follows: This work, prepared by the former treasurer of the Huguenot Society of New Jersey, contains thumbnail genealogical and … The first permanent Huguenot settlement in New Jersey was made at Hackensack in 1677, with a second at Princeton a few years later. Historians are intrigued by the New Jersey burials for two reasons: for underscoring that slavery reached beyond the southern states that fought against the North, and also because the rarity of slaves being allowed to buy land may soften the harsh reputation of New Jersey slave owners. Native Americans first inhabited the New Jersey area about 15,000 years ago. The city of New Amsterdam was renamed New York (after the Duke of York). This was the first port in the world to containerize due to the innovation of Malcolm McLean and the founding of the Sea-Land Corporation. At the time it was the territory of the Unami, or Turtle Clan. New Jersey's delegates signed the Articles of Confederation in 1779 and Princeton acted as the nation's capital for four months in 1783. With the 1676 Quintipartite Deed more accurate surveys and maps were made resulting in the Thornton Line, drawn around 1696, and the Lawrence Line, drawn around 1743, which was adopted as the final line for legal purposes. For several weeks beginning on September 18, 2001, letters bearing a Trenton, New Jersey postmark and containing anthrax bacteria were mailed to several news media offices and two US Senators. The agricultural products from New Jersey usually were transported to larger markets in New York City and Philadelphia, requiring better transportation. It was from there that many soldiers were deployed to Hoboken before shipping off to Europe. As temperatures increased to over 100 °F (38 °C), many soldiers fell to sunstroke. On the night of December 25–26, 1776, the Continental Army, commanded by General George Washington, made the famous crossing of the Delaware River. Gunners in the fort prevented German submarines from entering New York Harbor. Shop unique cards for Birthdays, Anniversaries, Congratulations, and more. Faculty Excellence. Published by the New Jersey Historical Commission in 1975. Before, ferries were required to travel across the Hudson River. In the 19th century, New Jersey cities led the United States into the Industrial Revolution and provided soldiers for many of the wars the United States fought, including 88,000 men for the American Civil War. Some of those copies are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lak… The journal New Jersey History (NJH), founded as the Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society in 1845 and published under the direction of the Society until 2005, was re-launched in 2009 under the editorial direction of historians at the New Jersey Historical Commission, Kean University, and the Society.For four years, this peer-reviewed journal was published online twice … In 1524 the Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to reach New Jersey. Energy was harnessed from the 77 feet (23 m) high Great Falls of the Passaic River. Smart meters are the foundation of PSE&G’s Energy Cloud, which is an advanced metering infrastructure effort that will create an integrated, two-way communications network between electric customers and the utility. But that power didn't last. The riots are often cited as a major factor in the decline of Newark and its neighboring communities. From those Revolutionary Days to recent times, New Jersey has played a prominent role in our nation's history. These include the textile, firearms, silk, and railroad locomotive manufacturing industries. Block, H. Christiaensen and C. Mey surveyed land between the 40th and 45th parallels along the Atlantic coast and named the area they surveyed New Netherlands. The first ocean-going steamboat went from Hoboken, New Jersey, sailed around southern New Jersey, and ended in Philadelphia. The New Jersey Devils are a Major League hockey team based in East Rutherford, NJ playing in the National Hockey League from 1982 to 2021. The Swedish and Finnish colonists generally lived in peace with their Dutch and Lenape neighbors. New Jersey may go from 23 to eight football champions over the course of five years. By 1933, one-tenth of the population was dependent upon Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal. The sketches usually tend toward the laudatory, but may include some genealogical details. Sourland Mountain, a once-isolated region in New Jersey, has long inspired tall tales. [46], In 1998, the south side of Ellis Island came under the jurisdiction of New Jersey following a US Supreme Court decision, New Jersey v. New York. They also fished in the region surrounding the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, and western Long Island Sound. They came from the Mississippi valley. The second version of the New Jersey State Constitution was written in 1844. The highest paying area for historians in New Jersey is Trenton-Ewing with a median annual salary of $75,160. (New Sweden's colonial population may have peaked at 368 people in 1654, after being boosted by more than 250 people along with new governor Johan Rising. Date of experience: September 2016. Historians have unearthed new evidence that, because of a strange loophole in New Jersey's state constitution, more than 100 women voted before 1807. FamilySearch Catalog Surnames Search lists many more histories under topics like: Arthur H. Buffington, "New England and the Western Fur Trade, 1629-1675", Swedes and Finns settled on the New Jersey side of the Delaware river as early as 1642 at Raccoon Creek. Richard Lewis Actor | Robin Hood: Men in Tights Richard Philip Lewis was born on June 29, 1947 in Brooklyn, New York and raised in Englewood, New Jersey. But that power didn't last. However, the meeting helped improve the strained relationships between the Soviet Union and the US. Led by Printz, the settlement extended north from Fort Christina on both sides of the Delaware River. James J. Finn was a lieutenant who attempted to capture the kidnapper while he was passing off ransom bills. Existing factories such as the Singer Company in Elizabeth, New Jersey were converted to making weapon parts. Cornwallis immediately ordered his army to engage the Americans at Princeton, but was prevented by snipers. The 1860 Census found just over 25,000 free African Americans in the state. [2], Later other Native Americans settled in New Jersey. New Jersey played a major role in creating the structure of the new United States Government. In 1787, New Jersey became the third state to ratify the United States Constitution.[1]. Many industrial cities like Paterson and Camden grew strong through Civil War production. One of the most dramatic war events in the Northeast occurred in 1945, when US forces hit and sank a German U-boat (U-869) off the coast of New Jersey. Greason, Walter D. "Suburban Erasure: How the Suburbs Ended the Civil Rights Movement in New Jersey" (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2013) 221 pp. The famous inventor Thomas Edison was born in 1847. Fort Dix was reopened for the training of soldiers for the war effort. Through this period, New Jersey's population and employment rate increased greatly. They moved as soon as game or plants became scarce. He sent a small English force to blockade the harbor at New Amsterdam. New Jersey had no Lieutenant Governor position at the time, leaving a vacancy in the office. Here's How To Add Maplewood Or South Orange Site To Historic List - Maplewood, NJ - Do you know of a historic site in New Jersey that's falling down, … [14] After capturing the colony, Nicolls became deputy-governor of New Amsterdam and the rest of New Netherland, and guaranteed colonists' property rights, laws of inheritance, and the enjoyment of religious freedom. Many History Records for Morris County have been microfilmed or abstracted. The story of the area of present-day New Jersey begins at the end of the Younger Dryas, about 15,000 years ago. During the Mexican–American War, a battalion of volunteers from New Jersey, in four companies, was active from September 1847 to July 1848. The Americans inflicted heavy casualties on the British from their defenses. One of the most famous inventors was Thomas A. Edison, who invented the incandescent light bulb, movie camera, and phonograph in his West Orange and Menlo Park labs. He took advantage of military coercion in order to increase his own power, shown in an event with Van Slechtenhorst. New Jersey ratified and then signed the Articles of Confederation on November 26, 1779. Standard Oil had controlled nearly 90% of refined oil flows into the United States, having a near complete monopoly upon it. These cities prospered through heavy production even after the end of the war.[30]. Table 3 shows the median annual salary of historians in some New Jersey cities and metropolitan areas. Co., 1901-1917. Later another was built at Fort Nassau. NHL Championships: 3 (3 Stanley Cups) Playoff Record: 137-122. From the colony of New Netherland, the Dutch interfered with Britain's transatlantic trade with its North American colonies. [12] At least one online source[13] asserts that some 600 colonists settled in New Sweden; it is unclear from that source how many were in New Sweden at any one point in time.). Visit these incredible sites to interact with iron workers, churn butter, enjoy reenactments, and … However, New Jersey eventually funded publications in the early 1850s of accurate agriculture-related surveys through the effort of George Hammell Cook. See why the state's reputation as the "Crossroads of the American Revolution" is well deserved. This was not enough to stave off 317 Dutch soldiers the next year, however. New Jersey Historical Society (Newark, New Jersey). The city became an important site for mills and other industries. The famed Alamo battle was fought more than 200 miles away from where President Donald Trump is expected to give a defiant speech on Tuesday, but historians say that by speaking in Alamo, Texas, Trump is bringing to mind a piece of history that is fraught with racist myths.. Alamo is a small town on the Texas-Mexico border named after the 19th-century … The Native Americans and Paleo-Indians fished in all rivers and streams using nets and fish hooks and by hand. These audio files were created from a revision of this article dated 29 April 2006, 2004–05 gubernatorial vacancy and subsequent events, New Jersey became the third state to ratify the United States Constitution on December 18, 1787, with 38 delegates voting unanimously in favor of the Constitution. A surf boat and rescuers during a drill at Cape May in about 1915. In addition, Seabrook Farms took advantage of Japanese-American labor to increase productivity when the government allowed small groups of people from the internment camps to work there. Federal Writers' Project, Works Progress Administration. (U.S. Lifesaving Service Heritage Association) This article originally appeared on NJ Spotlight. As agriculture became a less reliable source of income for New Jerseyans, many began turning toward… New Jersey was a center of shipbuilding and manufacturing during World War I. This action prevented the river from being easily taken by the English and Dutch, who were also trying to expand into the New World. Peter Stuyvesant surrendered to the English without a fight. Many of the New Jersey settlers still felt ties of loyalty to the British crown, and many slaves sided with the British in exchange for freedom. However, despite the fertility of the soil, farmers were forced to struggle due to the dearth of English money. Prior to this bill, the state had no income tax. Even worse that they are a very nasty group that do not like outside help. The economy of New Jersey was largely based on agriculture, but crop failures and poor soil plagued the settlers of New Jersey. The Holland Tunnel, under the Hudson River, was completed in 1927, providing a means of easy transportation between New Jersey and New York City. On June 23, 1780, the British attacked soldiers under the command of Nathanael Greene. It was called "America's First Defense Airport" because it was opened as a gunnery training area for fighter pilots. He also is credited with improving the designs of the incandescent light bulb, radio, the telegraph, and the telephone. [citation needed] In the 1960s New Jersey became the site of several race riots and of the Glassboro Summit Conference (1967), between American President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin. Initially, small out-posts were built for the fur trade. In 1609, Sir Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company,[5] explored the East Coast including the Delaware, Raritan, Newark, New York bays and the Hudson Valley. New Jersey was the last northern state to abolish slavery completely, and by the close of the Civil War, about a dozen African-Americans in New Jersey were still apprenticed freedmen. Over 1,500 pilots were trained for advanced aircraft fighting at this airport. Kearny distinguished himself as a brilliant officer during the Peninsula Campaign, and was promoted to the position of major general. Later, some of the tribe moved on to join with the Cherokees and Osages, west of the Mississippi. The New Jersey Historical Society. The Woodland period of North American pre-Columbian cultures spans the time period from roughly 1000 BCE to 1,000 CE in the eastern part of North America. Charles II gave the region between New England and Maryland to his brother, the Duke of York (later King James II & VII), as a proprietary colony. Our living history farms, villages and open air museums will transport you into the past and make it come alive. By the mid-1830s the Democrats and the Whigs had fully mobilize practically all of the voters into pro-and anti--Jackson coalitions. African American Experience in Monmouth County, 1700–1865 - Includes genealogical records and military information for New Jersey and Monmouth County. The proprietors appointed Philip Carteret as the first governor of New Jersey, who designated Elizabethtown as the colony's capital. In 1524, Giovanni da Verrazzano, sailing in the service of France, explored the Jersey Coast[4] including Sandy Hook and The Narrows, now the site of the bridge which bears his name. The Zierdt site in Montague, Sussex County and the Plenge site along the Musconetcong River in Franklin Township, Warren County, as well as the Dutchess Cave in Orange County, New York, represent camp sites of Paleo-Indians. Mason Gross … The Constitution declared itself temporary and to be void if there was reconciliation with Great Britain. Phillipsburg Railroad Historians: Fun and educational - See 8 traveler reviews, candid photos, and great deals for Phillipsburg, NJ, at Tripadvisor. CBS was criticized for allowing fictitious bulletins to gain attention of listeners. During the 1960s, many African Americans felt disenfranchised, feelings exacerbated by poor urban conditions, declining industrial jobs, and biased police forces with little minority representation. The state became a component of the Underground Railroad. It had originally convened in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, but mutinous troops prevented the meeting from taking place. A few days later, British General Charles Cornwallis hoped to engage Washington's army at Trenton after Washington recrossed the Delaware River, resulting in the Second Battle of Trenton. [15] However, the two proprietors found collecting the quitrents difficult, and on March 18, 1674 Berkeley sold his share of New Jersey to the Quakers.[16][17]. Arts | New Jersey: Jazz Historian’s 15-Year Dream: Book on Louis Armstrong WHEN Ricky Riccardi earned a master’s degree in jazz history and research from Rutgers University in Newark in 2005, he had trouble finding work in what he acknowledged … But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. He was electrocuted in the New Jersey State Prison in Trenton, New Jersey. 1804- 1. Although factory production decreased after the end of World War I, production lines still churned out goods. Between 1611 and 1614, three Dutchmen, A. We offer many places that not only provide a glimpse into another time, but fully immerse you. Histories are great sources of genealogical information. A mysterious granite block carved with what appears to be a royal figure has attracted the attention of New Jersey locals and historians. However, the line was constantly the subject of disputes. In fact, New Jersey issued begging licenses to the poor people because the New Jersey government funds were being exhausted. [49], The destruction of Lower Manhattan office space accelerated the pre-2001 trend of moving jobs from Lower Manhattan to Midtown and New Jersey. Old Historical Atlas Maps of New Jersey. [28] New Jersey at first refused to ratify the Constitutional Amendment banning slavery. [45], In 1973, the New Jersey Supreme Court ordered the legislature to pass a statute funding schools more equitably for impoverished areas. This tension led to race riots, the first of which occurred in Jersey City on August 2, 1964, causing heavy damage. High-quality New Jersey Historians Greeting Cards designed and sold by artists. The Lenape formed loosely organized groups who at first migrated seasonally. After the victory, George Washington led the army back across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania. SE, Washington DC 20003 Payments: PO Box 347214, Pittsburgh PA 15251-4214 Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. Salem was founded by John Fenwick, a Quaker. Price estimates were calculated on … We count among our staff historians, researchers, planners, architectural historians, architects, engineers, & archaeologists. Fenwick had been involved in a financial dispute with an Edward Byllynge, another Quaker, who had received the undivided portion of New Jersey territory that James Stuart, Duke of York had granted to Lord John Berkeley in 1664. On July 2, 1776, the first Constitution of New Jersey was drafted, creating a basic framework for the state government. [31] Fort Dix, in Pemberton Township, New Jersey, was also constructed in 1917 to help in the war effort. 15 Historic Towns In New Jersey That Will Transport You To The Past. “When ordered to build a fort so situated as to enable the Swedes to control all shipping on the Delaware, Printz constructed Fort Elfsborg on the Jersey shore, south of Salem Creek.”, Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. Philip Kearny, an officer who led a cavalry unit, followed General Winfield Scott and fought in the Battle of Contreras and Battle of Churubusco. In the Elizabeth riot, six people were injured and seventeen stores were damaged. , the German zeppelin Hindenburg exploded over Lakehurst Naval air Station in Manchester later called Delaware Indians, settled the! From 1878 to 1881 the Lindbergh household Hoboken, New Jersey was ideally located next to the Revolutionary history New! Fort Dix was reopened for the nation for four months in 1783 's capital for training... 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