These branches of personality, according to Freud, will dictate a person to pursue more productive and desirable undertakings. There are different stages of these development; these are the Pre-natal Stage, the Infancy or Babyhood Stage, the Early Childhood Stage, the Late Childhood Stage, the Adolescence Stage, the Early Adulthood Stage and the Old age Stage. The psychosexual theory of Sigmund Freud is one of the most controversial theories in psychology. The first stage of human development is obviously the conception. Development does not end when an individual reaches adulthood, but continues for their whole life. But this theory is one of the most controversial theories in psychology. The Pre-Natal stage starts in the conception wherein the ovum is fertilized by the spermatozoon. The Stages of Human growth and development, The employment opportunity for older workers are restricted by compulsory retirement, hiring practices, pension plan, social attitudes, sex of the workers and the kind of work. Adolescents learn how to deal with their peers and others in a larger context. To resolve these feelings of uncertainty the infant looks towards their primary caregiver for stability and consistency of care. This stage, however, is the final stage of Freud’s psychosexual development. So what are the psychosexual stages? Perhaps you have three: childhood, adulthood, and old age. This stage plays an essential role in developing a sense of personal identity which will continue to influence behavior and development for the rest of a person's life. During this period of time, the individual looks back on his or her life. Nevertheless, the theory and the psychoanalytic assumptions are still used in psychiatry and psychotherapy today. Early Adulthood 7. A person becomes more mature to rationalize. The five stages of human development according to Freudian psychosexual theory are: oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital. Some psychologists believe that children go through four separate stages of cognitive development, which they call Piaget’s stages. Stages of human growth and development come from developmental psychology. _____2.Failure of achieving developmental tasks in an earlier stage … There’s no apparent resemblance to the human image. Fixation is an indication that a person has stuck in the previous stage of psychosexual development. Despair in Erikson's Psychosocial Development Theory. Children who are allowed and encouraged to engage in self-directed play emerge with a sense of strong initiative, while those who are discouraged may begin to feel a sense of guilt over their self-initiated activities. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Erik Erikson's stages of development describe eight periods spanning the human lifecycle. Children who are praised and encouraged to develop a sense of competence. Around the age of 11 or 12, your loving, carefree child may become a stranger, but the changes you see in mood and behavior are likely normal and indicate your child is the adolescent stage of development. doi:10.1037/a0039875, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. 2. There are key needs which must be met and consequences if they are not. The growth and development of a child consists of a highly complex series of changes, with different tissues and different regions of the body maturing at different rates. The erogenous zone at this stage is the genitals. Trust versus mistrust is the earliest psychosocial stage that occurs during the first year or so of a child's life. Most human stages of growth and development occur in infancy, childhood and adolescence. In this article, I will only be focusing on personality. He argued that social experience was valuable throughout life, with each stage recognizable by the specific conflict we encounter between our psychological needs and the surrounding social environment. The stages are: 1. Childhood 3. Isolation: Forming Intimate Relationships With Others, Understanding Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development. By successfully forming loving relationships with other people, individuals are able to experience love and enjoy intimacy. In developmental psychology, childhood is divided up into the developmental stages of toddlerhood (learning to walk), early childhood (play age), middle childhood (school age), and adolescence (puberty through post-puberty). This controversial theory was proposed by psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud to describe how personality develops in relation to the discovery of erogenous zones through a set of five distinct stages from early childhood into adolescence. 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