gis analysis of drainage basin

The drainage network was extracted from SRTM data. An update and information on the understanding of the basins’ land and water dynamics are provided. This information is crucial for understanding river evolution characteristics and aid in planning and management at the lower reaches which has remained poorly understood. The morphometric analysis of drainage density of the study watershed is 0.49 km/km ² which indicates the basin is highly permeable and result with better underground water storage capacity. Erosional development of streams and their drainage basins: hydrophysical approach to quantitative morphology. This investigation highlights the extent to which the ongoing and future agricultural water-related developments are supported by scientific research and helps invigorate and organise critical thinking on potential investments and policies in the basins. The intersection of two stream channels is referred to as a node or junction. The morphometric parameters are divided into three categories: linear, areal and relief aspects (Sreedevi et al., 2009). Nevertheless, delineating a drainage basin of interest to you will not be an easy task. Morphometric analysis of a drainage pattern needs the demarcation of all the existing streams. Morphometric analysis of the drainage system network and the Khumal basin showed it has fifth-order wadi network with an elongated shape and possesses dendritic to sub-dendritic drainage pattern. Other common terms for a drainage basin are watershed, basin, catchment, or contributing area. Some opportunities for improvement in data management and technology application are also suggested. farm management and The present study assesses the spatio-temporal dynamics of land use/cover over a 28-year period in the upper Tana River Basin (TRB), Kenya using digital change detection techniques. Relatively larger values of form factor (SW-1, SW-2, SW-3, SW-6 and KW) signify higher flow peak for a shorter duration. The Khurar River Basin is an elongated basin of small size showing ENE‐WSW trend analogous to the Son lineament. This study aimed to characterize hydro-geomorphology of the basin via basin morphometry analysis. It has been found that the study area is an 5th order drainage basin. The last parameter calculated was the time of flood wave concentration (T C). r.fill.dir; r.watershed; r.water.outlet; r.to.vect; r.stream.extract; To remove imperfections and correct the DEM, the r.fill.dir tool is used. Analysis of Results and Discussions. Geol. Drainage characteristics of many river basins and sub basins in different parts of the globe have been studied using conventional methods [5].With the advancement in the field of science and technology particularly in geospatial and computer technology, the drainage basin morphometry analysis has been more accurate, precise and less time consuming. This area is normally defined as the total area flowing to a given outlet, or pour point. Please ref figure for better understanding my view. The quantitative analysis of drainage system is an important aspect of characterization of watershed (Strahler, 1964). Although the Basin tool generates similar results to the Watershed tool, it is more useful for large study areas or unfamiliar sites because it automatically selects the pour points. Showing how a watershed and basin layers were created in ArcGIS and how to create a pour point. Horton, R.E., 1945. This study characterised planform changes and floodplain dynamics of the Tana River fluvial systems, Kenya, between 1975 and 2017 using an integrated remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) methodological framework. The GIS procedures used to conduct the morphological analysis and obtain the abovementioned parameters are summarized in Fig. The attributes were allocated to The area of the basin is 309.57 km² with its perimeter 83.24 km and maximum length 32.06 km. To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors. SRTM DEM, geological and hydrological maps of the area were used in ArcGIS 10.3 environment for this analysis. Quantitative morphometric parameters affect catchment streamflow pattern through their influence on concentration time, and geomorphic characteristics of a drainage basins play a vital role in controlling the basin’s hydrology. © 2019 International Research and Training Center on Erosion and Sedimentation and China Water and Power Press. Watershed Analysis Watersheds delineate a drainage area. River basins are the modern-day regions for integrated planning and management of watersheds, groundwater, land use, river regulation, food security and healthcare development in most countries. Lineament, slope and aspect maps were generated to support morphometric parameters to demarcate the soil erosion and flood prone areas during harsh weather conditions. I need to do analysis on the following two basis. This investigation highlights the extent to which the ongoing and future agricultural water-related developments are supported by scientific research and helps invigorate and organise critical thinking on potential investments and policies in the basins. Conversely, the floods and siltation hazard are more in low lying subwatersheds as faced in Kashmir Valley (Sept. 2014 Flood). dendritic pattern is noticed in middle and downstream of the basin. The drainage basins are delineated within the analysis window by identifying ridge lines between basins. Introduction The morphometric analysis of a drainage basin, along with the prevailing climate, geology, and geomorphology of the basin (its slope, structural controls, and geological and geomorphological history), plays a vital role in understanding the hydrogeologic behaviour of the drainage basin (Strahler, 1964). Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer Digital Elevation Model (ASTERDEM) data and ArcGIS (ESRI Inc., version 10.4.1) together with published mathematical equations were applied to extract morphometric parameters of the drainage basin, which covers a total area of 94,930 km² and a span of 527.75 km. Furthermore, drainage area was large, drainage frequency was coarse, basin shape was more elongated, drainage density was medium, infiltration number was low, overland flow was long and constant of channel maintenance was high. In addition, it has stream frequency of 0.32 and form factor 0.57 which indicates slightly elongated basin shape. GIS and image processing techniques can be employed for the identification of morphological features and analyzing properties of basin. River channel dynamics are natural autogenic occurrences for fluvial rivers with influences from human modifications and climatic factors. Horton has pioneered the stream ordering systems in 1945, subsequently, Strahler (1952) has suggested some modifications. The input flow direction raster is analyzed to find all sets of connected cells that belong to the same drainage basin. Kashmir Basin is surrounded on all sides by lofty mountains, there is only one outlet i.e., Jhelum River to drain water from the basin. Analysis of the literature reviewed highlighted a limited scientific knowledge base at watershed scale, inadequate data as well as gaps in the available data and the need for application of current state-of-the-art technologies in whole basin water management. Allahabad to Buxar, the Ganga River shows distorted menders, huge meander cut-offs, ox-bow lakes, scroll bars and abandoned linear channel belts, all suggesting to a fault system-related tectonic control on the river. Am. The extraction of each index can be conducted on the ArcGIS 10.2 software platform, and the extraction threshold of the river network was set to 0.5 km2. It also helps to estimate the incidence of infiltration and runoff, and other related hydrological character of a watershed like erosion and, Dhidhessa River Basin is physio-graphically and hydrologically important in the Blue Nile basin, however, its morphometry and hydrology are not well known. 2. The delineation of drainage network is possible either physically from topographic sheets or with the help data of Digital Elevation … Comparative analysis of its sub watersheds Gumara and Ribb was also undertaken. Between 40 to 7ka, the Ganga River was freely oscillating within its valley when another tectonic event took place and the Ramnagar cliff was raised due to upheaval and channel incision along NE-SW trending fault. Drainage characteristics of basin and sub-basin have been studied using conventional methods (Horton, 1945; Miller, 1953; Strahler, 1964). GIS and DEM based analysis of incision and drainage reorganizat ion of the Buyuan River basin 1499 to ensure a stable relationship between R* and Ln A (Demoulin et al., 2017). Double click on Basin. The input flow direction raster is analyzed to find all sets of connected cells that belong to the same drainage basin. The present paper describes the drainage characteristics of Pambar Sub-basin, obtained through RS GIS based morphometric analysis. The morphometric analysis approach pursued in this study was cost- and time-effective for basin characterization. The channel in the years 1986, 2000, and 2017 was prepared from Landsat imageries and overlaid on a georeferenced air photograph of 1975 (the imageries were of February date for ease of comparison), the land surface can be attained with intensive land, hydro-geomorphometric analysis would be useful to, Received: 20 April 2020 /Accepted: 24 September 2020 /. Ruggedness number is 0.02 that implies the area is less prone to soil erosion. ArcGIS Help: Watershed (Spatial Analyst) ArcGIS Help: Basin; ArcGIS Help: How Watershed works; ArcGIS Help: Understanding drainage systems Fig. In general, the study asserted that the basin was underlain by uniform resistant rocks, less prone to flooding, with high water resources potential and susceptible to soil erosion. This area is normally defined as the total area flowing to a given outlet, or pour point. Available information varies from state to state. However, the decline in the aerial extent of relict valley features, viz. The present work shows that the Karmanasa basin is less prone to flood, vulnerable to soil erosion and a good resource of surface water. 7.0) GIS system to analyze the influence of drainage morphometry on landforms, soil depth, drainage, available water holding capacity (AWC) and land erosion characteristics. Land cover change detection of the study reaches revealed tremendous spatial and temporal progressive disappearance of the riparian vegetation and dynamic channel morphological characteristics, trends that may continue in the coming years. It plays a significant role in understanding the geohydrological characteristics of a drainage basin in relation to the terrain feature and its flow patterns. The morphometric analysis of the drainage basin is aimed to acquire accurate data of measurable features of stream network of the drainage basin. The morphometric analysis has been carried out through measurement of linear, areal and relief aspects of basins. The trellis pattern characterizes upstream of the drainage basin, while the dendritic pattern is noticed in middle and downstream of the basin. The drainage basins are delineated within the analysis window by identifying ridge lines between basins. High values of ruggedness number and relief ratio suggest that Karmanasa basin is prone to soil erosion. The Tana and Athi River Basins, being home to over 40% of Kenya’s population, major hydroelectric dams and many irrigation schemes, are considered important areas of focus for sustainable agricultural production. 27, no. 56, pp. Rights reserved. A pour point is the point at which water flows out of an area. A pour point is the point at which water flows out of an area. aspects of a drainage basin. Drainage Basin Morphology and Terrain Analysis of the Nigerian section of Lake Chad River Basin, Nigeria using GIS and Remote Sensing Abiodun O.Adebola, Adebowale A. Adeseko & Matthew O.Ibitoye Department of Remote Sensing & GIS, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo State Abstract 1:50000 scale with the help of Arc-GIS-10. The extracted drainage network was classified according to Strahler's system of classification and it reveals that the terrain exhibits dendritic to sub-dendritic drainage pattern. The watershed covers a total area of 3601.5 km ² and it has a basin length of 78.89 km. We maintain the spatial datasets described here in order to better describe Washington's diverse natural and cultural environments. The chemical index of alteration (CIA), plagioclase index of alteration (PIA), chemical index of weathering (CIW), weathering index of Parker (WIP), Vogt S. residual index (V), Ruxton ratio (R), and silica‐titania index (STI) reveal moderate weathering conditions and immature nature of the sediments in the basin. The sections of a stream channel connecting two successive junctions or a junction and the outlet are referred to as stream links. Such information can help various stakeholders including policy decision-makers in balancing development needs and river basin vital environmental systems protection and sustainability, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. An assessment of Varuna river basin of India was performed to study the various drainage parameters in GIS platform. like drainage basin area, drainage density, drainage order, relief and network diameter in GIS environment. farming systems, The present study focuses on identifying the growth stage of Ponniyar river sub basins based on the shape of the hypsometric curve and hypsometric integral value. The drainage density (0.34–0.44) indicates that the basin has highly permeable subsoil and thick vegetative cover. This area is normally defined as the total area flowing to a given outlet, or pour point. Abstract. The GIS based Morphometric analysis of this drainage basin revealed that the Charthana is 4 th order drainage basin and drainage pattern mainly in sub-dendritic to The morphometric parameters of basin can address linear, areal and relief aspects. The first thing is to load the project with the lesson data, which just contains a DEM. Before According to Strahler (1964), systematic description of the geometry of a drainage basin and its stream channel requires measurement of linear aspects of the drainage network, areal aspects of the drainage basin, and relief (gradient) aspects of the channel network and contributing ground slopes.The American hydraulic engineer and hydrologist Robert E. Horton was the first to establish a … In the Elevation field, use the DEM of the basin to be delimited as the input raster layer. The inset map shows the location of TRB in relation to the map of Kenya, Method flowchart (GIS model built) for morphometric analysis in the Tana River Drainage Basin, Kenya, Stream ordering of the Tana River Basin (TRB) area, Tana River channel shifting dynamics at Korkora reach from 1975 to 2017. Various hydrological phenomena can be correlated with the physiographic characteristics of an drainage basin such as size, shape, slope of the drainage area, drainage density, size and length of the contributories, etc. However, competing water demands and water scarcity are posing a great challenge for decision-makers as well as farming communities. Content courtesy of Springer Nature, terms of use apply. A drainage basin is an area that drains water and other substances to a common outlet. According to morphometric parameter classification, total stream length and stream order of the basin were high whereas stream length ratio, bifurcation ratio and hydrologic storage coefficient were low. Analysis of the literature reviewed highlighted a limited scientific knowledge base at watershed scale, inadequate data as well as gaps in the available data and the need for application of current state-of-the-art technologies in whole basin water management. Drainage basin, water sheds, basin, catchments area, and contributing area are synonymous terms referring to an area of drainage that contributes water to a common outlets (pour points). This basin might have originated during the Quaternary Period as a result of major tectonic activities in the region. Quantitative Analysis of Morphometry on Ribb and Gumara Watersheds: Implications for Soil and Water... Hydro-geomorphological characterization of Dhidhessa River Basin, Ethiopia. This hydro-geomorphometric analysis would be useful to land and water managers, researchers and practitioners of TRB, and other similar systems in designing and planning soil and water conservation and management practices such as soil erosion control, groundwater recharge activities, catchment modelling, runoff and flood studies, prospecting groundwater mapping, and biological applications. Keyword: Morphometric Analysis, Drainage Basin, Gis And Rs. The accuracy of the drainage area calculation depends on the map scale, technique, demarcation of the drainage divides, among other reasons. Watershed and Drainage Delineation by Pour Point in ArcMap 10 Written by Barbara Parmenter and Jack Melcher, Revised ... Before proceeding with watershed delineation or any other kind of hydrological analysis, your data ... but not actual basins. The catchment area polygons can then be used to calculate … The attributes were allocated to Morphometry together with lineament density, slope distribution and flood plain conditions helps to classify the catchment into three categories, high, medium and low priority for conservation and management with respect to soil erosion and floods. Results showed that a 33,468 km, River basins are the modern-day regions for integrated planning and management of watersheds, groundwater, land use, river regulation, food security and healthcare development in most countries. DOI: 10.22271/chemi.2020.v8.i3m.9330 Corpus ID: 219654098. Important natural environment geo-information and summary of the spatial characteristics of Tana River Basin (TRB) in Kenya have been obtained through hydro-geomorphometric analysis. Drainage density is 0.34 per km², while the bifurcation ratio is 4.5 for the river. Historical morphological changes are useful tools for understanding river evolutionary trends and condition. The results indicate that during the last three decades, agricultural land and built-up area have increased by 32.57% (184,796 ha) and 26.35% (1460 ha) respectively, while open land, waterbodies and vegetation have decreased by 35.9%, 3.13% and 8.29% respectively. Results deliver the latest evidence on the dynamics of Tana River. The low values of drainage density and stream frequency imply that surface run-off is not quickly removed from the basin, making it susceptible to flooding and gully have very little effect on the extent to which the surface has been lowered by agents of denudation. Morphometric analysis using remote sensing and GIS techniques have been well demonstrated by some of the The flow of water through a drainage system is only a subset of what is commonly referred to as the hydrologic cycle, which also includes precipitation, evapotranspiration, and groundwater flow. The quantitative approach of the basin development of the Karmanasa River basin was carried out by the morphometric parameters. Morphometric analysis of the basin is attaining by deriving linear, above ground release and slope of drainage system and also ground slope of the basin [41, 42]. 1:50000 scale with the help of Arc-GIS-10. The drainage basins are created by locating the pour points at the edges of the analysis window (where water would pour out of the raster), as well as sinks, then identifying the … The approach adopted in this study can be applied to other river reaches within study area with similar protocols or modifications according channel type and reach condition to provide water managers with evidence on the dynamic fluvial channel plan morphology for sustainable planning management and restoration activities. A pour point is the point at which water flows out of an area. GIS and Remote Sensing techniques have proved to be accurate and efficient tool in drainage delineation and their updation. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The drainage network was extracted from SRTM data. Remote sensing and GIS techniques were applied to extract drainage network using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) to evaluate morphometric parameters for Sukhnag catchment. To assess the climate change impacts on (Rastogi and Sharma … This is usually the lowest point along the boundary of the drainage basin. morphometric parameters like drainage basin area, drainage density, drainage order, relief, aspect, length and network diameter in GIS environment. Morphometric analysis of a drainage pattern needs the demarcation of all the existing streams. The drainage basins are created by locating the pour points at the edges of the analysis window (where water would pour out of the raster), as well as sinks, then identifying the contributing area above each pour point. Watershed morphometric assessment is about measurements and calculations of land surface forms for the purpose of understanding hydro-geomorphological character and patterns. The Catchment Tool is an ArcGIS Python toolbox which currently includes one tool: Delineate Catchments.This tool was developed by South Fork Research, Inc. to automate the process of delineating catchment area polygons for each stream reach or segment within a stream network. The drainage basin analysis is important in any hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential, groundwater management, pedology and environ-mental assessment. 2. 275–370. The morphometric analysis has been carried out through measurement of linear, areal and relief aspects of basins. A. I am working on a GIS-based sinkhole identification and groundwater susceptibility analysis, and knowing the geometry of the drainage basin would allow for some interesting possibilities. Pavankumar Giri, Pranaya Diwate, Yadao Kumar Mawale, Morphometric Analysis of Tapi Drainage Basin Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques, Sustainable Development Practices Using Geoinformatics, 10.1002/9781119687160, (57-72), (2020). Digitization of the drainage basin was carried out for morphometric analysis in GIS environment using Arc GIS-10 software. An update and information on the understanding of the basins’ land and water dynamics are provided. These techniques are found relevant for the extraction of river basin and its drainage networks. Relatively larger values of form factor (SW-1, SW-2, SW-3, SW-6 and KW) signify higher flow peak for a shorter duration. System(GIS). The quantitative approach of the basin development of the Karmanasa River basin was carried out by the morphometric parameters. The morphometric analysis of drainage density of the study watershed is 0.49 km/km ² which indicates the basin is highly permeable and result with better underground water storage capacity. INTRODUCTION Remote Sensing and GIS techniques are efficient and effective tools in the assessment, identification and delineation of drainage basins. meander scars, meander cut-offs and alluvial islands, is quite characteristic and may be related to sediment recycling by migrating channels present within the active channel belt and floodplain areas of the Ganga River. GIS and Remote Sensing techniques have proved to be accurate and efficient tool in drainage delineation and their updation. Implication for natural resource conservation indicates slightly elongated basin of India was performed to study various! And analysis for the quantitative approach of the basins ’ meeting their integrated water management with stream ranging! 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Some areas of Kashmir basin have rugged topography and unstable slopes with shuttered.
gis analysis of drainage basin 2021