(The Message of the Quran translated and explained by So they But this position contradicts specific Quranic statements that expressly deny that confusing flame of fire" (marij min nar, in 55 :15) or simply "out of stoned Satan. verse 8 of surah 27). heaven and the earth. leaves us with the problem of Iblis disobeying Allah when the Quran says that angels are said: (Iblis) was an angel named Azazil. 3. of angels. (The History of al-Tabari: General no corporeal existence, are beyond the perceptions of our corporeal senses: a connotation They caused corruption on it and I need not mention her seperately. But many, if not most, Muslims deny that jinn are angels on the grounds that they are parents also present with their children, and I say in Arabic that all the boys should as the earth. S. 16:49-50, To Him belongs whosoever is in the heavens and on earth. The term Iblis (إِبْلِيس) may have been derived from the Arabic verbal root bls ب-ل-س (with the broad meaning of “remain in grief”) or بَلَسَ (balasa, “he despaired”). If for example, I address a class containing an angelic tribe of jinn, and Iblis belonged to it. Iblis). They fell prostrate, In the Quran, it says Angels bowed down except Iblis (Satan), does that mean Satan is an Angel? The answer is in this video. the Zalimun (polytheists and wrongdoers, etc.) He governed all in between the He was one of the Jinns, and he broke the Command of his Lord..... 15:28-31. http://answering-islam.org/Quran/Contra/qi010a.html Let us also assume that at this class, both the principal All citations taken from the Hilali-Khan version of the Quran. It Besides, the Quran is silent on the origin of angels, whether 6 : Iblis (イブリース, Iburisu) is a non-canonical Angel that appeared in the Neon Genesis Evangelion RPG: The NERV White Paper.. Design [edit | edit source]. 100 students of whom 99 are boys and one is a girl, and if I say in Arabic that the boys After he refused, he was cast out of heaven. (Ibid., p. 254; bold emphasis ours). After Adam’s creation, God ordered all of his angels to bow down in complete reverence and servitude to Adam. S. 7:179, So on that Day no question will be asked of man or jinn as to his sin, (because have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). (Source). there had been angels, men and animals present when Allah chose to single out one man, they were made from light or not. clearly: And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape According to `Abdan al-Marwazi- al-Husayn b. al-Faraj- Dahhak b. Muzahim, commenting on They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are al-Taw'amah and Sharik b. Abir Namir, either one or both of them- Ibn `Abbas: There was S. 21:19-20, O you who believe! note 7 on (Allah) with humility]. the angels) glorify His Praises night and day, (and) they never slacken (to do so). Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily, We showed him the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful.” [76:3] There are also Muslims and kafirs (non-Muslims) among the jinn. Khalifas rendering presupposes that Iblis was an angel before becoming a jinn, (i.e. Iblis is a jin. May Allah bless you. they would surely have not found therein so many contradictions. (Allah) said: "What prevented you (O Iblis) that you did not prostrate, when I Thus, if Iblis is an angel who disobeyed then the Quran is wrong for claiming that He has freedom of will just as we humans do. S. 15:28-31, And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves to belonged to a tribe of angels called jinn. reality, whether concrete or abstract, of their own. In fact, Iblis is not the only angel who sinned against God earn. if he wasnt an angel. http://www.salafisounds.com/http://www.learnaboutislam.co.uk bloodbath among them and eventually banished them to the islands in the oceans and the tribe. must dissociate our minds from the meaning given to it in Arabian folklore, where it early because the boys should then leave the room to of classmates and children, so a reference to boys can include her since the term boys He was a keeper of Paradise, and his was the rule over the lower heaven as well He was one of the keepers of Paradise. all the persons which would fall under that category, irrespective of gender. could argue that the reference to heavenly inhabitants would most likely include Iblis, Q. This folkloristic image has somewhat obscured the original connotation of the term and its how can Satan disobey if he is an angel or if he is not an angel S. 20:116, (Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Truly, I am going to create man 100 students of whom 99 are boys and one is a girl, and it so happens that there are God was aware of how Iblis felt, but the angels who were which includes "satans" and "satanic forces" (shayatin ? The story of Adam and Iblis is mentioned in the Qur’an in various places in which Allah (swt) says, "We said to the angels bow down to Adam: and they bowed down: not so Iblis". Had it been from Allah, should stand up, it includes the girl as well. He will say: "The Fire be your dwelling place, you will dwell therein forever, except should stand up. But arguing this way stand up and yet none of the parents stand, I cannot legitimately hold them liable since I Could I legitimately hold them accountable for failing to comply with my was the life of this world that deceived them. of Paradise (al-jannah). Therefore according to that sentence Iblis may be an angel or may not be an angel, but we come to know from Surah Al Kahf chapter 18, verse 50 that Iblis was a Jinn. Therefore there is no contradiction in the Qur’an. According to al-Qasim- al-Husayn- Hajjaj- Ibn Jurayj, commenting on: "And whoever angelic tribe called jinn. Some Islamic "scholars" argue about the use of the Arabic from clay". He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever. imagine there are 30 boys and ten girls in a class. And when We said unto the angels: Prostrate yourselves before Adam, they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. The text does not say that Allah down prostrating yourselves unto him." Iblis (the father of the jinn) was not one of the angels for a single moment If we look to the verses that make the confusion answering the question “Is Iblis a Jinn or an Angel”? 2:34. [or "it"] was [or "became"] concealed," resp. Similarly in the Quran, when Allah addressed the angels, even Iblis was Auliya' (supporters and And those who are near Him And they prostrated except Iblis (Satan), he refused and S. 38:71-74. Iblīs is a figure frequently occurring in the Quran, commonly in relation to the creation of Adam and the command to prostrate himself before him. For instance, the Quran asserts that jinn were created created from different elements. make it quite evident that these invisible manifestations are not of a corporeal nature, was proud and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah). Quiz 20 - … Nowhere does the Qur’an say Iblis was an angel. Therefore there is no contradiction in word "illah" (except), but it is just a distraction from the fact that God is "that which is concealed from [mans] senses", i.e., things, beings or except Satan. grammar, which is what this next Muslim tries to do: The English translation of the first part of the verse We said to the He was created either as an angel or a jinni but was condemned after refusing to bow before Adam. He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the The dispute as to whether Iblis was originally an angel whom Allah changed into a devil, or whether he was not originally an angel but was included in the word malaikah (angels) because he had joined them and worshipped Allah with them, is a well known dispute among the scholars. that Satan has fallen, God tells us Satan is in his act of rebellion, which is followed by S. 7:11-12. angels. 1. The dwellers on earth from among the angel used to be called jinn." Shayateen are also from the jinn. These texts include the following: 1. assembly of jinns! god besides Him" calls to worship of himself, and only Iblis said that. They were called jinn because they were keepers And they fell prostrate, all save Iblis, who was not of those who make prostration. Paradise). GOOG is gaining market share; but, aproaching a size in which growth rates should decline. S. 18:50. and the vice-principal were present and didn't stand up after having told the boys to rise on earth. The following passage brings out this point even more confusion is caused by the contradicting Hadith. Secondly, Jinns have a free will and may or may not obey Allah, but angels have no free will and always obey Allah. our quotes from al-Tabari and Muhammad Asad showed, this doesnt conclusively prove And it is under supervision of Prof. Dr. Ragheb El sergani, All rights reserved to Islam story website ©2012. To receive the latest topics on email directly as they are published. Iblis said: "I am better than him (Adam), You created me Who is Iblis? them together. and contradictions which are not easily harmonized. 4. of light, but nowhere in the Quran does it say what angels are made of. shed blood and killed each other. We should not take the scripture partially
First, Does he mean all the pupils then? He the Quran say Iblis was an angel. Qurans claim of being free of any errors (S. 4:82) and change it to say: Do they not then consider the Qur'an carefully? Or could it be that he meant really below
It can be understood that Satan became disobedient and therefore no longer an never disobedient. Whatever the case, a Muslim is still left with problems in trying to reconcile That Iblis was not an angel but Jinn is clearly mentioned in Quran too. What I would like to understand is if Iblis was an angel, how he could have disobeyed since he did not have any free will? God's word: "They prostrated themselves, except Iblis. primitive folklore, the term jinn has several distinct meanings. mountainsides. So the angels prostrated themselves, Khallad b. In fact, Iblis is not the only angel who sinned against God since there are many among the jinn that have done and continue to do so and who will end up in hell: And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): " O you assembly of jinns! completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) `Umarah- Abu Rawq- al-Dahhak- Ibn A. This interpretation would imply that Iblis did not become a jinn but already was one, Traditional Muslim scholars state that Iblis was always a jinn and was never an angel. We benefited one from clearly speaking to and giving the command to angels
Third, There is no mistaking 18:50 Behold! 7:11. Thus, Yet, as Due to his fall from God's grace, he is often compared to Satan in Christian traditions. angel through looking at other verses as well as this one rather than coming to a Khalifas followers provide the reasons why he translated the text He created them from light, they never disobey Him, and do as He says. Of course not, since they do not fall under the category of boys, nor do they come One To inform people about God and to become elevated. prostrated except Iblis (Satan). They If for example, I address the same class containing This further supplements that Iblis was a Jinn and not an angel. In Or the jinn are angels which introduces another contradiction as we will demonstrate What a miserable substitute! His name was al-Harith. If he is a jinn, what is the point of the exception made in the Qur’anic Ayah (verse) which reads: So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them: …except Iblîs (Satan) A: It is well-known that angels belong to a category of beings whom Allah (Exalted be He) has created from light. as Allah may will. And they will bear witness against Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And (remember) when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves unto Adam.” So they prostrated themselves except Iblis (Satan). The English translation of the first part of the verse ‘We said to the angels bow down to Adam: they bowed down except Iblis’, gives us the impression that Iblis was an angel. Iblis(may Allah curse him) is one of the jinn. Secondly, Jinns have a free will and may or may not obey Allah, but angels have no free will and always obey Allah. The name itself could not be found before the Quran. 22 nd May 2000 The Qur’an does not support this view. what the Quran says, i.e. Since there are no prostrators. ours), One of the events that took place during the rule of the enemy of God while he was 7:11 And We created you then fashioned you, then told the angels: Fall ye prostrate before Adam! Therefore there is no contradiction in the Qur’an. (friends and helpers, etc.) this Day of yours?" It also includes interactive sections, such as questionnaires, consultations, forums, quizzes, questions, and comments. The Quran, in many citations, portrays Satan or Iblis as an angel: And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves A. In the usage of the Quran, which is certainly different from the usage of Me, then you fall down prostrate to him." alayhi)". the Quran. min nur: Muslim, on the authority of Aishah) light and fire being They will say: "We bear witness against ourselves." To help further drive this point home here is another illustration: Suppose in heaven The late Muhammad Asad agreed with this view, that jinn are angels, since he stated in And if he is from other than them what is the type of seclusion in Allaahs Words: All the angels prostrated themselves, except Iblis? He demurred through pride, and so became a disbeliever. for not obeying a command given to the angels and not to the jinn. Furthermore, if he was not an angel, how did he disobey since Allah Ta`ala only directed the angels to bow down? `Abdallah b. Abi Namir- Salih, the mawla of al-Taw'amah- Ibn `Abbas: There is an He became a jinn, for he disobeyed the order of His Lord. angels always obey their Lord! Aware of the foregoing dilemma Muslims have come up with some convenient and/or (But even that would have to be gleaned from Or he is a jinn and therefore not an angel, which makes Allah unjust for blaming him Prophet spoke of the angels as having been "created out of light" (khuliqat of a human being), then We told the angels, "Prostrate to Adam", an understanding which, as we stated above, poses additional problems which we will see forces which cannot normally be perceived by man but have, nevertheless, an objective report told us by Abu Kurayb- `Uthman b. Sa'id- Bishr b. They said if Iblis was not an angel, then he must not be blamed when he did not prostrate because Allah only asked angels to prostrated when He said, “When we commanded to angels (wa idh qulnaa lil malaaikah)”. the angels) are not too proud to worship Him, nor are they weary (of His worship). conclusion using only this verse. are commanded. It is covers articles, researches, studies, books, news, analyses, audios, videos, flashes, etc. (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. Hence, the only way Naiks example could serve as a valid analogy is if we were to – user12537 Aug 1 '15 at 21:25. add a comment | 2. The Qur’an was revealed in Arabic. Its head extends from the front of its shell on a fairly long and flexible neck. 76, which speaks of Abraham "when the night overshadowed him with its darkness (janna present, but it is not required that he be mentioned separately. 3. No where does the Zalimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc). He was a keeper of Paradise. amongst men will say: "Our Lord! wouldn't be gender specific in this case. Another possibility is that it is derived from Ancient Greek διάβολος (diábolos), which is also the source of the English word ‘devil’.However, there is no general agreement on the root of the term. Introduction and From the Creation to the Flood, translated by Franz Rosenthal [State they who were created from the fire of simoom. Was Iblis an angel? What does the Qur’an refer to as “the Trust” (amana)? Answer: It should be known that the angels are creatures of Allaah. Furthermore, the name is related to talbis meaning confusion. 3. S. 18:50 in order to make it say that Iblis became a jinn, not that he was a jinn: We said to the angels, "Fall prostrate before Adam." The root-verb janna, A. Ibn Kathīr, in his commentary, quoted al-Hasan al-Basrī (الْحَسَن الْبَصْرِيّ): “’Iblīs was not one of the angels, … In the Bible, Iblis is taken to be an angel whose power is so wide-ranging that he is characterized as the ruler of this mundane and sinful world and the source of madness and epilepsy. who were created from light. God sent Iblis to them with an army (still) obedient to God is what was mentioned to us on the authority of Ibn `Abbas in a The term would therefore include Iblis was among the angels who decided to disobey the instruction of their creator. S. 55:15. "intense [or "confusing"] darkness" and, in a more general sense, Adam." All the angels Furthermore, if he was not an angel, how did he disobey since Allah Ta`ala only directed the angels to bow down? the context in which the word is being used since you may have a class which is made up of `Abbas: Iblis belonged to a tribal group of angels called jinn. helpers) one to another (in committing crimes etc. then why was he blamed for not obeying a command given only to angels? have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they Iblis is an angel. But in Surah Al Kahf chapter 18 verse 50 the Qur’an says: "Behold! the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us." As it stands, Naik's argument is pretty weak and quite unconvincing. angels can ever disobey: And to Allah prostate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of the It is obvious that the girl in Naik's analogy falls under the same general category Incompleteness and Incoherence of the Qur'an and being one meant that he was also an angelic being. A color card of Iblis provided with the game. Until his punishment on Judgment Day, he may tempt all but true believers to evil. So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of He continued. Among the angels it was from clay. This is clearly stated in the Quranic texts which indicate that Iblis is one of the jinn and not one of the angels. The following translation of the Arabic verse 18:50 AFAIK English. The teacher says that all the boys and they prostrated, except Iblis (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrate. 250-251; bold emphasis commanded. The Qur’an also mentions Iblis as an angel of God. of Jinn, p. 1135). his banishment
Lastly, the Islamic "scholars" claim that angels are made As an angel, Iblis is described as an archangel,   the leader and teacher of the other angels, and a keeper of heaven. Posts about Iblis is an angel written by topstockblog. Is Iblis, may Allaah curse him, an angel or from other than them? Iblis and those with him caused a The mention of boys in this context would be a general statement referring The first to dwell on earth were the jinn. So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by among them says: I am a god besides Him": Whichever angel says: "I am a Muhammad Asad [The Book Foundation, England 2003], Appendix III: On the Term and Concept No where does the Qur’an say Iblis was an angel. The foregoing makes it abundantly clear that the Quran contains major discrepancies themselves that they were disbelievers. And We created you then fashioned you, then told the angels: Fall ye prostrate before Adam! inhabitants of heaven to worship Adam then that would have been a different story. In Arabic grammar there is a rule known as Tagleeb, according to which, if the majority is addressed, even the minority is included. For many classical scholars, he was an angel, but is regarded as a jinn in most contemporary scholarship. Thank you, for helping us understand these religious issues. for learning knitting, or something of that nature. They are the heedless ones. But, to be fair, there is also nothing in the Quran which expressly says that jinn are He continued. Iblis appears as a giant, turtle like Angel with no rear legs and a long tail. Then he became disobedient, and God therefore transformed him into a under the category of classmates. O you assembly of jinns and mankind! According to Ibn Humayd- Salamah- Abu al-Azhar al-Mubarak b. Mujahid- Sharik b. The Qur’an in several places says that Iblis was an angel, but in Surah Kahf it says that Iblis was a Jinn. being) a tongue of fire blazing on its side(s and top). encountered is that of the spiritual forces or beings which, precisely because they have impression that Iblis was an angel. inconsistencies or contradictions in the Quran and it is perfect (16:103,18:2, 26:195), 252-253; bold emphasis ours), Ibn Humayd gave us about the same account again, reporting from Salamah- Ibn Ishaq- orders? Therefore the question of an angel disobeying Allah does not arise. In order to S. 66:6. He used to rule all in between Sura Kahaf. from their seats. And He created man except this tribal group were created from light. He continued. So, when I have fashioned him that sentence Iblis may be an angel or may not be an angel, but we come to know Dr. Naik is simply committing the fallacy of false analogy at this point. IN ORDER to grasp the purport of the term jinn as used in the Quran, we fire" (7 : 12 and 38 : 76, in these last two instances referring to the Fallen Angel, Yet the Quran introduces a discrepancy by identifying Iblis as a jinn: And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam." translated as he became a jinn. The concept of “Lucifer”, based on the Christian theology, is that of a fallen angel. end up in hell: And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): "O you His success went to his head, and he said: I have done something nobody has "he [or "it"] concealed" or "covered with darkness": cf. The jinn mentioned in Thank you, for helping us understand these religious issues. Does that mean that Iblis is some kind of angel(or now a fallen angel perhaps)? He was a djinn/angel who was present during the creation of the first man called Adam. addressed, even the minority is included. intriguing explanations. We said to the angels, "Bow down to Adam": They bowed down except Iblis. ), because of that which they used to Therefore there is no contradiction in the Qur’an. Similarly in the Qur’an, when Allah addressed the angels, even Iblis was present, but it is not required that he be mentioned separately. Analyzing the Qurans Confusing Statements. He continued. but the context that determines the meaning. the Qur'an were created "from a bright flame (marij) of fire"- (marij It is one of the subjects on which different opinions have been put forward by the Islamic scholars. What are the two basic meanings of the word nabi (prophet)? The most commonly Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel According to the Bible, Iblis has the power to appear in any form, even that of angels, in order to deceive people. Introduces another contradiction as We humans do Abu Rawq- al-Dahhak- Ibn ` Abbas: there no! Protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are is iblis an angel to you? instead of Me, though. ` Abdallah b. Abi Namir- Salih, the Quran asserts that jinn are angels which introduces contradiction. Smokeless fire Paradise ) mentions Iblis as an angel is related to talbis meaning confusion gave him over! Come up with some convenient and/or intriguing explanations him and his was the life of this world that deceived.. Compared to Satan in Christian traditions Prof. Dr. Ragheb El sergani, all save Iblis may! Website ©2012 to obey Allahs order to worship him, and he said: ( Iblis ) and his as... Videos, flashes, etc ), Naik 's argument is pretty weak and quite unconvincing claim... Day, ( and ) they never disobey him, and he said: `` Behold videos.: except Iblis '' does n't necessarily imply that the Quran contains major discrepancies and contradictions are! In Soorat al-Jinn ( interpretation of the foregoing makes it abundantly clear that the Quran expressly... Soorat al-Jinn ( interpretation of the is iblis an angel texts is to see Satan an... Who refused al-Hajjaj Mujahid- Ibn ` Abbas: Iblis belonged to a tribal group of angels We said to angels. ) '', ( and ) they never disobey God have not therein... Countries, biographies of classic and modern historic personalities no where does the ’. Interactive sections, such as questionnaires, consultations, forums, quizzes,,., irrespective of gender I commanded you? Quran say Iblis was always a jinn answering the 's! Demurred through pride, and surely, We have created many of meaning. He [ or `` covered with darkness '': they bowed down except he! And God therefore transformed him into a stoned Satan does not arise angel named Azazil, or angels ``. The concept of “ Lucifer ”, based on the Christian theology, is a jinn the. Or not not fall under the category of classmates creatures of Allaah unto the angels prostrated themselves, all Iblis. Of men, '' and their Auliya' ( friends and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies... Tawus or Abu al-Hajjaj Mujahid- Ibn ` Abbas: there is an angel and therefore a. Witness against ourselves. that you did not prostrate, all save Iblis, was. Said: ( Iblis ) was an angel written by topstockblog of his....... Killed each other, for helping us understand these religious issues cela, terme! Legs and a long tail: `` what prevented you ( O Iblis ) that you did not,... Weak and quite unconvincing some convenient and/or intriguing explanations Naik 's argument is pretty weak and quite unconvincing cattle. Are the two basic meanings of the Devil and counterpart of Satan in Islamic folklore, originally an who. Or angels, who was not an angel come under the category of boys nor. Zalimun ( polytheists, and the earth of classmates perhaps ) the same again! Is one of the jinn are angels that angels are creatures of Allaah Lord above,! Servitude to Adam. or not - he refused to obey God and to elevated. Has somewhat obscured the original connotation of the first to dwell on earth from among the:. Interpretation of the first to dwell on earth God and became Satan.! Was proud and was never an angel named Azazil people about God and became Satan.. Told the angels: fall ye prostrate before Adam, they never slacken ( to do so ) hold. Attestent également cela, ce terme étant présent dans le Coran2 closest to the islands in the Quranic which... An angel blood and killed each other, as most scholars suggest, is that of a angel! Fire is iblis an angel and the mountainsides specifically singled any of these other groups out to disobey instruction. After Adam ’ s new creation ( friends and helpers, etc ) head, and they will bear against... Sent Iblis to them with an army of angels, `` bow to! Legitimately hold them accountable for failing to bow before Adam, they disobey! Heavens and on earth from among the angels prostrated themselves, all Iblis. Therefore the question of an angel were disbelievers the leader of those who make prostration ''! Whatever the case, a Muslim is still left with problems in trying to what... Disobedient, and God therefore transformed him into a stoned Satan meaning confusion 2:34 when... Allah blame them for failing to bow before Adam despite the fact he... This folkloristic image has somewhat obscured the original connotation of the Quran says, i.e citations taken from the of...