Edel McDermott, MB, Jenny Moloney, BSc, Niamh Rafter, BComm, Denise Keegan, RGN, Kathryn Byrne, BSc, Glen A. Doherty, PhD, Garret Cullen, MD, Kevin Malone, MD, Hugh E. Mulcahy, MD, The Body Image Scale: A Simple and Valid Tool for Assessing Body Image Dissatisfaction in Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Volume 20, Issue 2, 1 February 2014, Pages 286–290, https://doi.org/10.1097/01.MIB.0000438246.68476.c4. Factor analysis resulted in a single factor solution explaining 65% of the variance, indicating that the 9-item scale performed well on scale structure testing. I tend to use a “≤10% prorating” approach to all measures where someone has missed out an item… Body image avoidance: An under-explored yet important factor in the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and disordered eating. References Franzoi, S.L. The Body Image-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (BI-AAQ) is a 1-factor, 12-item self-report scale designed to measure body image flexibility, the ability to accept and experience thoughts, beliefs, perceptions, and feelings about one’s body (Sandoz et al. I may also be able to arrange for scoring and analysis of the questionnaire if you don't have the local facilities for this to be done easily. Although body image issues are clearly important to patients with IBD, study is hampered by the absence of a suitable assessment tool to collect standardized data. The Body Image Scale largely fulfills the above criteria. Moreira H, Silva S, Marques A, et al. Test–retest reliability was measured using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. In my own use of the BSQ, years ago now, I think we had essentially no omitted items in our data. . The analysis revealed males were found to have higher body image satisfaction than their female counterparts. However, it should be noted that the questionnaire is not valid in normal individuals because 4 of the 9 questions relate specifically to disease and treatment. Changes in physical appearance, function, and body integrity are central to the experience of both health and illness, and future IBD projects will require validated and concise questionnaires on a range of topics such as body image to acquire reliable results. Data from another scale, the Cash Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire, were also collected in addition to demographic and clinical data. The original scale included a question “Have you been dissatisfied with the appearance of your scar?”. The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose. Male Body Satisfaction: Factorial and Construct Validity of the Body Parts Satisfaction Scale for Men Michael B. McFarland and Trent A. Petrie University of North Texas Given the centrality of body dissatisfaction in the manifestation of eating, exercise, and affective disturbances in men, measurement of this construct becomes essential. The 32-item ABISS is scored using a Likert scale to determine body image satisfaction. Results show that body image acceptance is a significant predictor of eating pathology, and it seems able to lessen the impact of body image dissatisfaction on the engagement on pathological restrictive behaviours and thinness seeking. Search for other works by this author on: Body image and health: contemporary perspectives, How do I look? Differences between groups were assessed using the Mann–Whitney U test and Kruskal–Wallis test as appropriate. Body image disturbance questionnaire—Scoliosis Version: discriminant validity in AIS. The BDS scale can be used to measure body dissatisfaction by numbering the bodies from 1 to 9 (in ascending order of size); each body is scored as one body unit. These items were deemed to be measuring a different construct, and were excluded from the modified scale. The Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire was developed within a cognitive behavioral framework and focuses on the psychosocial impact of body image disturbance. Dissatisfaction was greater in females and those who had undergone either stoma or nonstoma forming surgery, as previously found by Muller et al11 and others,10,16 establishing predictive validity. Using computer generated bodies improves on the drawn stimuli used in previous figure rating scales (e.g., Stunkard et al., 1983; Thompson & Gray, 1995). The authors would like to acknowledge Boston Scientific for funding Dr. Edel McDermott as a University College Dublin Newman Research Fellow for this study. Convergent validity was assessed by comparing the body image scale with the Cash Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire.3 This body image tool has a different format to the body image scale, with both quantitative and qualitative components, and has been validated in patient cohorts and in healthy students.3,8 We felt this was relevant to our IBD population, whose disease is frequently diagnosed in young adulthood. This is looking at how people feel about their appearance. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Continuous data are presented as medians and interquartile ranges. Participants are asked to choose the body they would most like to look like (ideal) and the body they thought was closest to their perceived actual body shape (actual). Bowe WP, Doyle AK, Crerand CE, et al. Forty-five patients had a body image scale score of 0 and the median score was 6. Body Satisfaction Scale Pdf File Online These cultural differences in values related to body shape and size may influence the validity of using BD measures with Latinas. Scoring: Average participants’ responses to Items 1-10. The 1997 Body Image Survey results and cumulative clinical experience suggest there is merit to becoming comfortable with yourself even if you don't conform to current cultural body-size ideals. Body Areas Satisfaction Scale (BASS) The 9-item BASS ( Cash, 2000b) is a subscale of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ). Three patients declined, 43 did not return the questionnaire, and a further 3 had critical body image data missing. Heinberg LJ, Kudel I, White B, et al. Key words: body image flexibility, acceptance, eating disorders, moderator effect. 10. The Body Dissatisfaction Scale (BDS) comprises images of computer generated bodies. Body image satisfaction and dissatisfaction, social physique anxiety, self-esteem, and body fat ratio in female exercisers and nonexercisers The 9-item Body Areas Satisfaction Scale (BASS) Body Image, 7, 289–295. First, the questions needed to focus on body image satisfaction, rather than psychological or cognitive behavior, to facilitate its use by gastroenterologists and provide a clear message for clinicians to understand and interpret. Previous research on body image has focused mostly on women, largely neglecting body image in men. . Test–retest reliability was demonstrated between body image scores performed a median of 11 months apart (range, 2 wk–18 mo) (rs, 0.82; P < 0.001 Spearman's rank correlation coefficient). Our aim was to assess and validate a body image questionnaire for patients with IBD. The Body Appreciation Scale-2: Item refinement and psychometric evaluation. Body Satisfaction Scale Pdf Image. Results confirmed the reliability and validity of unweighted and weighted versions. Linear Regression Analysis Assessing Clinical Factors Associated with Body Image Dissatisfaction in 338 Patients with IBD. One such study is ongoing in our institution. The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) The Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) was first created by researchers Diener, Emmons, Larsen, and Griffin (1985) and published in an article in the Journal of Personality Assessment. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The scale has been adapted in many languages and utilized to study body image and cultural influence in many countries. Moreover, only a small number of studies have conducted gender comparisons of body image over the lifespan and included participants aged 50 years and older. It uses a 5-point dissatisfaction–satisfaction rating scale (from −2 to +2) that assesses eight distinct body areas and attributes, as well as overall appearance. Figure 2 shows the response prevalence to individual questions. We found a close correlation between our modified 9-item scale and the Cash Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire, thus establishing convergent validity. Body Satisfaction Scale Pdf Drawing. r. esumen. Responses to these items will be collected via Survey Monkey and will be completely confidential and anonymous. Analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 18.0; SPSS, Chicago, Illinois). Body Image 12 (2015) 53-67. ! I feel like I am beautiful even if I am different from media images of attractive people (e.g., models, actresses/actors). The study therefore included 338 patients whose demographic and clinical details are shown in Table 1. = 51). Second, the questionnaire needed to be appropriate for both patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and to consider the effects of treatment and disease. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Some researchers have argued that evaluative body image may be better assessed by measures that weight dissatisfaction–satisfaction ratings by their subjective importance to individuals. r. esumen. Patients completed a self-administered questionnaire that included a modified body image scale by Hopwood et al.14 This scale was designed as a brief self-report measure in conjunction with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Study Group. Two-thirds of respondents reported body image impairment as a result of their disease, and the authors emphasized the importance of body image in IBD and the need for further research. look like' (preferred score). This investigation, with 410 female and male college students, examined whether an importance-weighted revision of the BASS would have incremental validity relative to the original version in the prediction of multiple criterion variables. Figure 5 shows the association between body image, gender, and previous surgery. The maximum score is 204, and a higher score indicates more dissatisfaction and discomfort with the body experience. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2008.01.001. Between 28% and 70% of patients indicated some level of body image dissatisfaction to each question. (1994). a theoretical score range from 34 to 204. ... cross- sectional study investigated a model of the effects of naturist activity on life satisfaction, mediated by higher body image and self- esteem. Convergent validity was established with a correlation coefficient of 0.64 (P < 0.001) with the Cash Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire. Oyekcin DG, Gulpek D, Sahin EM, et al. Frequency of body image scale scores in 338 patients with IBD. Correlation between the modified body image scale and the body image disturbance questionnaire (BIDQ) in 338 patients with IBD. . This can be negatively influenced by a number of factors including disease states and treatments. We performed known group comparisons (predictive validity) by comparing body image scores in males and females, and in patients who had no previous surgery, nonstoma, or stoma forming surgery with the expectation that both gender and surgery would influence a valid body image scoring system.2,10,16 Thirty-eight patients, whose treatment remained unchanged, completed the body image scale, a median of 11 months (range, 2 wk–18 mo) apart to determine test–retest reliability. The maximum value of each question is “4,” with minimum values of “1,” and scores are summed for a total score. 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