But that such rites had been performed in Jerusalem there can be little doubt. "For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, … Ezekiel 8:14 STU XRF TSK ... Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (14) Women weeping for Tammuz.--The prophet is now taken to the north gate of the outer enclosure of the Temple courts, and there sees a new and exceedingly corrupt form of idolatry. 4. 2:8). worshipped: and, behold, there sat women weeping for Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes ... Topical Studies: X-References: Ezekiel 8:13 : Ezekiel 8:15 >> Interlinear Bible for Ezekiel 8:14: Then he brought bow' (#935) me to 'el (#413) the door pethach (#6607) of the gate sha`ar (#8179) of … 1. Christus solio sic insit ab alto. Many of the older commentaries (pre-1900) tend to be non … Words in boxes are from the Bible. 11 And there stood before them seventy men of the ancients of the house of Israel, and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, with every man his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense went up. (e) Ebr. Ezek. Behold, there sat women wailing for Tammuz. This Phœnician feast answered to the similar Egyptian one in honor of Osiris. (o) The Jews write, that this was a prophet of the idols, who after his death was once a year mourned for in the night. One of these sins is lamenting for a pagan god named Tammuz. —The prophet is now taken to the north gate of the outer enclosure of the Temple courts, and there sees a new and exceedingly corrupt form of idolatry. 2. p. 132. History. And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell upon me there. For the myth of Thammuz, mentioned in the Nabataean writings as a man who was put to death by the king of Babylon, whom he had commanded to introduce the worship of the seven planets and the twelve signs of the zodiac, and who was exalted to a god after his death, and honoured with a mourning festival, is nothing more than a refined interpretation of the very ancient nature-worship which spread over the whole of Hither Asia, and in which the power of the sun over the vegetation of the year was celebrated. (Eze 8:1) Ezekiel, the elders, and the hand of the Lord. (a) Moreh Nevochim, par. There is some reason for believing that the weeping of women for Tammuz passed into Syria and Palestine from Babylonia, Tammuz being identified with Duv-zi, whose loss was lamented by the goddess Istar. - The prophet is taken from the entrance into the court to the entrance of the gate of the temple, to see the women sitting there weeping for Thammuz. An annual feast was celebrated to him in June (hence called Tammuz in the Jewish calendar) at Byblos, when the Syrian women, in wild grief, tore off their hair and yielded their persons to prostitution, consecrating the hire of their infamy to Venus; next followed days of rejoicing for his return to the earth; the former feast being called "the disappearance of Adonis," the latter, "the finding of Adonis." Ezekiel 8:15. It came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth [month], on the fifth of the month, … And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord God fell upon me there. (c) De Dea Syria. Kimchi relates various interpretations NIV ©: Then he brought me to the entrance to the north gate of the house of the LORD, and I saw women sitting there, mourning for Tammuz. Who was Tammuz and why would women be weeping for him? Comment. Lord's Whilst the men of the nation, represented by the seventy elders, were secretly carrying on their idolatrous worship, the women were sitting at the temple gate, and indulging in public lamentation for Thammuz. for they say, The Lord seeth vs not, the Lord hath forsaken the earth. 15 He said to me, “Do you see this, son of man? So Luther apud Dieteric. an image, which they heated inwardly, and its eyes were of lead; This is a study guide commentary… Ezekiel 8:14 Context. And He said to me, Thou shalt yet again see still greater abominations which they do. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (14) Women weeping for Tammuz. The time of prophecy is noted, Ezekiel 29:1, the order to prophesy against Pharaoh, who is described as a large fish, lying in his rivers, and boasting of them, Ezekiel 29:2, his destruction and the manner of it, Ezekiel 29:4, the reason of it, his treachery to the Jews, Ezekiel 29:6, hence the whole land of Egypt is threatened … p. 903. Ian Mackervoy. And in the morning … And he said unto me. ] Ezekiel has often been called the father of Judaism. Ver. Judah, and of the family of David, were allowed in the temple Targum here calls the house of the sanctuary of the Lord; that And He brought me to the entrance of the gate of the house of Jehovah, which is towards the north, and behold there sat the women, weeping for Thammuz. Thou shalt yet again see still greater abominations than these. Ezekiel 8:1 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth … It is probably a contraction of תּמזוּז, from מזז equals מסס, so that it denotes the decay of the force of nature, and corresponds to the Greek ἀφανισμὸς ̓Αδώνιδος (see Hvernick in loc.). 28:16) will become a stumbling block to some. Special Topic: Cornerstone "Should I be consulted by them at all" This is … Ezekiel 8:10-18 Commentary. Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the LORD'S house which, Then he brought me to the door which was toward the north —, Behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz —. From Byblos it spread widely over the east and was thence carried to Greece. Ezekiel 8:14 Context. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. the sacrifices offered; and therefore it was the greater Ezekiel 8:1-4 "And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house, and the elders of Judah sat before me, that the hand of the Lord Jehovah fell there upon me. Bible commentary on the Book of Ezekiel, chapter 14, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. house, which [was] towards the north Christ from his lofty throne … Ezekiel 8:1-18.. Bibl. Ezekiel 8:14 Here, God supernaturally reveals to the prophet some of the secret sins of the nation of Israel. The Messiah (the Cornerstone, Gen. 49:24; Ps. “ — — — Tammuz came next behind, Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured The Syrian damsels to lament his fate, In am’rous ditties all a summer’s day, While smooth Adonis, from his native rock, Ran purple to the sea, supposed with blood Of Tammuz, yearly wounded: the love-tale Infected Sion’s daughters with like heat, Whose wanton passions, in the sacred porch, Ezekiel saw, when by the vision led His eye survey’d the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah — — — .” PARADISE LOST b. Tammuz—from a Hebrew root, "to melt down." "I have seen (says he), in Byblus, a large temple of Venus Byblia, where they performed the rites unto Adonis, and I was a spectator of them. sat—the attitude of mourners (Job 2:13; Isa 3:26). So Pausanias, speaking of a certain place, there (says he) the women of the Argives (a people in Greece) mourn for Adonis (b). abomination, they were weeping for Tammuz. 8 "When I passed by you again and saw you, behold, you were at the age for love, and l I spread the corner of my garment over you and covered your nakedness; I made my vow to you m and entered into a covenant with you, declares the Lord God, n and you became mine. The Old Testament is filled with all sorts of evocative images and metaphors, but few are as gripping, comprehensive, telling, and as utterly inappropriate for a younger audience than the description of Jerusalem as woman in Ezekiel 16:1-63. Tammuz: and indeed it is thought by some that this Tammuz is the Osiris of the Egyptians; the same with Mizraim, the first king of Egypt, who, being slain in battle, his wife his ordered that he should be worshipped as a god, and a yearly lamentation made for him; and indeed Osiris and Adonis seem to be one and the same, only in different nations called by different names. The Byblians say the affair relating to Adonis (or his death) by a boar happened in their country; and, in memory of it, every year they beat themselves, lament and offer sacrifice, and great mourning goes through the whole country; and when they beat themselves and mourn, they sacrifice to Adonis as dead; but the day following they pretend he is alive; and they shave their heads, as the Egyptians do at the death of Apis;''. Jarchi says this was an image, which they heated inwardly, and its eyes were of lead; and these being melted with the heat, it seemed to weep; wherefore (the women) said, it asks for an offering: but not the idol, but the women, wept. Commentary on Ezekiel 16:1-58 (Read Ezekiel 16:1-58) In this chapter God's dealings with the Jewish nation, and their conduct towards him, are described, and their punishment through the surrounding nations, even those they most trusted in. This is done under the parable of an exposed infant rescued from death, educated, … Ezekiel 8:13. The etymology of the word Tammuz is doubtful. It is not certain that this verse refers to any special act of Tammuz-worship. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. Ezekiel 8:14. Antiqu. He further observes, that Maimonides (a) writes, that he found written in one of the books of the ancient idolaters, that there was a man of the idolatrous prophets, whose name was Tammuz; who called to a certain king, and commanded him to worship the seven stars, and the twelve signs of the zodiac, for which the king put him to a violent death; and, the same night he died, all the images from the ends of the earth gathered together to the temple of Babylon, to a golden image which was the image of the sun; and this image was hanging between the heavens and the earth, and it fell into the midst of the temple, and so all the images round about it; and it declared unto them what had happened to Tammuz the prophet; and all the images wept and lamented all that night; and when it was morning, they all fled to their temples at the ends of the earth; and this became an everlasting statute to them, that at the beginning of the first day of the month Tammuz, every year, they lament and weeps for Tammuz; and there are others that expound Tammuz the name of a beast which they worship;''. Behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz— The prophet here refers to the Phoenician or Syrian superstition. This eighth chapter begins a new stage of Ezekiel's prophecies and continues to the end of the eleventh chapter. A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. Lucian (c) gives a particular account of this ceremony, as performed at Byblus, a city in Phoenicia, not far from Judea; from whence the Jews might have borrowed this custom. Young's Literal: And I go in, and … A. Ezekiel goes to Jerusalem in a vision. 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