This is usually the lowest point along the boundary of the drainage basin. The accuracy of the drainage area calculation depends on the map scale, technique, demarcation of the drainage divides, among other reasons. In the present study, morphometric analysis of the Gal Oya river basin was done to elucidate information on the morphometry of the Gal Oya river basin and to assess its hydrological characteristics and flood potentials based on the morphological characteristics. I. Combination of the remote sensing satellite data and hydrological and spatial analysis in GIS environment is made easy to identify and discriminate the drainage area (Pirasteh et al.2010). SRTM DEM, geological and hydrological maps of the area were used in ArcGIS 10.3 environment for this analysis. The present study is an attempt to investigate the regional topography and drainage dynamics of the Khurar River, central India, along with the textural, mineralogical, and geochemical behaviour of the bedload sediments. same drainage basin, and assigns the number of cells that belong to a basin to all the cells within that basin. It has been found that the study area is an 5th order drainage basin. The GIS based Morphometric analysis of this drainage basin revealed that the Charthana is 4 th order drainage basin and drainage pattern mainly in sub-dendritic to The geographic and geomorphic There was a huge expansion of agricultural land to marginal semi-arid and arid areas (lower part of the basin) over the period. 3, 1999. For a single geographically referenced grid cell, the model is run independently for the simulation period of 30-years to derive a basin-wide map of water balances. Drainage characteristics of basin and sub-basin have been studied using conventional methods (Horton, 1945; Miller, 1953; Strahler, 1964). The last parameter calculated was the time of flood wave concentration (T C). BASINS provides a framework that brings together modeling tools and environmental spatial and tabular data into a geographic information system (GIS) interface. Creates a raster delineating all drainage basins. This hydro-geomorphometric analysis would be useful to land and water managers, researchers and practitioners of TRB, and other similar systems in designing and planning soil and water conservation and management practices such as soil erosion control, groundwater recharge activities, catchment modelling, runoff and flood studies, prospecting groundwater mapping, and biological applications. 56, pp. The present work emphasized that categorization of smaller hydrological unit’s i.e., sub-watersheds are ideally recommended for initiating soil conservation and flood mitigation measures in the area. Geol. More chances of erosion risk in SF1, 2, 5, 6 and 7 can be due to lose upper layer, high altitude, unstable slope and high structural density. This study characterised planform changes and floodplain dynamics of the Tana River fluvial systems, Kenya, between 1975 and 2017 using an integrated remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) methodological framework. The map-based user interface can be used to delineate drainage areas, get basin characteristics and estimates of flow statistics, and more. The quantitative analysis of drainage system is an important aspect of characterization of watershed (Strahler, 1964). © 2019 International Research and Training Center on Erosion and Sedimentation and China Water and Power Press. Available information varies from state to state. Fig. A watershed is the upslope area that contributes flow to a common outlet as concentrated drainage. The catchment area polygons can then be used to calculate … Remote sensing and geographic information system tools and techniques, aerial photographs, and satellite imagery have been used to determine epochal channel erosion, accretion, and unchanged locations along Tana River, Kenya's longest river. The approach adopted in this study can be applied to other river reaches within study area with similar protocols or modifications according channel type and reach condition to provide water managers with evidence on the dynamic fluvial channel plan morphology for sustainable planning management and restoration activities. Double click on Basin. Bull. Use of remote sensing data in concert with GIS provides efficient and economical quantitative spatial and temporal analysis of river channel changes. The present study helps to understand the relation between the different morphometric parameters to delineate the drainage characteristics of the Ghaghghar River Basin (GRB), Son Valley, India. Such information can help various stakeholders including policy decision-makers in balancing development needs and river basin vital environmental systems protection and sustainability, especially in arid and semi-arid regions. Analysis of the literature reviewed highlighted a limited scientific knowledge base at watershed scale, inadequate data as well as gaps in the available data and the need for application of current state-of-the-art technologies in whole basin water management. dendritic pattern is noticed in middle and downstream of the basin. GIS and Remote Sensing techniques have proved to be accurate and efficient tool in drainage delineation and their updation. Comparative analysis of its sub watersheds Gumara and Ribb was also undertaken. BASINS Version 4.5 provides a suite of plug-ins that customizes MapWindow GIS, providing an application that integrates environmental data, analysis tools, and modeling systems. I need to do analysis on the following two basis. Morphometric analysis of yesagaon drainage basin using remote sensing (RS) and geographical information system (GIS) @article{Payal2020MorphometricAO, title={Morphometric analysis of yesagaon drainage basin using remote sensing (RS) and geographical information system (GIS)}, author={SD Payal and AS Kadale … The quantitative approach of the basin development of the Karmanasa River basin was carried out by the morphometric parameters. This results in a raster of drainage basins. GIS and image processing techniques can be employed for the identification of morphological features and analyzing properties of basin. This area is normally defined as the total area flowing to a given outlet, or pour point. The morphometric analysis of the drainage basin is aimed to acquire accurate data of measurable features of stream network of the drainage basin. The Khurar River Basin is an elongated basin of small size showing ENE‐WSW trend analogous to the Son lineament. A cataloging unit is a geographic area representing part of all of a surface drainage basin, a combination of drainage basins, or a distinct hydrologic feature. However, competing water demands and water scarcity are posing a great challenge for decision-makers as well as farming communities. Land cover change detection of the study reaches revealed tremendous spatial and temporal progressive disappearance of the riparian vegetation and dynamic channel morphological characteristics, trends that may continue in the coming years. Quantitative Analysis of Morphometry on Ribb and Gumara Watersheds: Implications for Soil and Water... Hydro-geomorphological characterization of Dhidhessa River Basin, Ethiopia. This information contributes to expanding knowledge base on biophysical areas key to the basins’ meeting their integrated water management. farm productivity Also, the areal aspects portray peak runoffs with short duration flashes. The morphometric parameters are divided into three categories: linear, areal and relief aspects (Sreedevi et al., 2009). morphometric parameters like drainage basin area, drainage density, drainage order, relief, aspect, length and network diameter in GIS environment. Usage. INTRODUCTION Remote Sensing and GIS techniques are efficient and effective tools in the assessment, identification and delineation of drainage basins. Morphometric analysis using remote sensing and GIS techniques have been well demonstrated by some of the This investigation highlights the extent to which the ongoing and future agricultural water-related developments are supported by scientific research and helps invigorate and organise critical thinking on potential investments and policies in the basins. In addition, it has stream frequency of 0.32 and form factor 0.57 which indicates slightly elongated basin shape. Ruggedness number is 0.02 that implies the area is less prone to soil erosion. 27, no. I need to calculate for every basin/sub-basin, the drainage area at every elevation contour along the stream. The present study focuses on identifying the growth stage of Ponniyar river sub basins based on the shape of the hypsometric curve and hypsometric integral value. Six reaches within a 142-km Saka-Mnazini stretch were studied by comparing sequential changes in the position of the channel in 1975–1986, 1986–2000, 2000–2017, and 1975–2017 epochs. The Ghaghghar River is third-order stream that exhibits dendritic to sub-dendritic pattern. Drainage Basin Morphology and Terrain Analysis of the Nigerian section of Lake Chad River Basin, Nigeria using GIS and Remote Sensing Abiodun O.Adebola, Adebowale A. Adeseko & Matthew O.Ibitoye Department of Remote Sensing & GIS, Federal University of Technology Akure, Ondo State Abstract Therefore, practicing soil and water conservation in the watershed could enhance/strengthen the water storage capacity, prevent sediment loss and related natural resource from the watershed that rehabilitate its productivity. The results of this study provide a better understanding of the spatial and temporal dynamics of the natural resources and form a basis for better planning and effective spatial organization. Morphometric analysis is the measurement of the three-dimensional geometry of landforms and has traditionally been applied to watershed, drainages, hill slopes and other group of terrain features (Babar, 2005). The decrease of sand bar areas (14%–11%) in the studied stretch reflects the decrease in monsoon strength over the last four decades. The Tana and Athi River Basins, being home to over 40% of Kenya’s population, major hydroelectric dams and many irrigation schemes, are considered important areas of focus for sustainable agricultural, The Karmanasa basin is spread over the Kaimur sandstone (Upper Vindhyan) and marginal Ganga plain with the areal extension of about 7926 km². StreamStats provides access to spatial analytical tools that are useful for water-resources planning and management, and for engineering and design purposes. The input flow direction raster is analyzed to find all sets of connected cells that belong to the same drainage basin. farm management and – corvus Jan 10 '17 at 21:27 Relief parameters of the basin suggest moderate-to-low overall watershed steepness, upland with rolling land surface patterns, rugged landforms susceptible to erosion and sediment transportation, and a landscape in evolution process tending towards maturity. READ PAPER. This basin might have originated during the Quaternary Period as a result of major tectonic activities in the region. The annual lateral river movement rate reduced significantly after the river regulation, which occurred between 1981 and 1988. Am. Morphometric Analysis of Watershed using GIS and RS: A Review Ashok S. Sangle Department of Computer Science and IT Dr. B .A. Analysis of Results and Discussions. The present work addresses the following: (1) estimation of morphometric quantities using GIS software and (2) application of “localized” drainage basin-based statistical and fractal measures to characterize the variance of possible geological constraints on the evolution of individual drainage basins. We found no clear evidence to link river regulation with the river channel dynamics. Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) data were used to prepare the Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Aspect, Drainage, and Slope maps by using ArcGIS 10 software. This study aimed to characterize hydro-geomorphology of the basin via basin morphometry analysis. Morphometric analysis using SRTM and GIS in synergy with depiction: a case study of the Karmanasa River basin, North central India, Drainage network characteristics of the Ghaghghar River Basin (GRB), Son Valley, India, Understanding water and land use within Tana and Athi River Basins in Kenya: opportunities for improvement, Soil Erosion Risk and Flood Behaviour Assessment of Sukhnag catchment, Kashmir Basin: Using GIS and Remote Sensing, Spatial Modeling of Soil Erosion Risk and Its Implication for Conservation Planning: the Case of the Gobele Watershed, East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia, Morphometric analysis, bed-load sediments and weathering intensity in the Khurar River Basin, central India, Characterisation of channel morphological pattern changes and flood corridor dynamics of the tropical Tana River fluvial systems, Kenya, Monitoring of Land Use/Land -Cover dynamics using remote sensing: A case of Tana River Basin, Kenya, Monitoring river channel dynamics using remote sensing and GIS techniques, Decadal scale geomorphic changes and tributary confluences within the Ganga River valley in Varanasi region, Ganga Plain, India, Sustainability of water resources and irrigation schemes, Climate change impacts on farming systems and farm management. Morphometric analysis of a drainage pattern needs the demarcation of all the existing streams. GIS and image processing techniques can be employed for the identification of morphological features and analyzing properties of basin. This area is normally defined as the total area flowing to a given outlet, or pour point. An update and information on the understanding of the basins’ land and water dynamics are provided. Understanding water and land use within Tana and Athi River Basins in Kenya: opportunities for impro... Morphometric analysis using SRTM and GIS in synergy with depiction: a case study of the Karmanasa Ri... A preview of this full-text is provided by Springer Nature. The present paper describes the drainage characteristics of Pambar Sub-basin, obtained through RS GIS based morphometric analysis. Other common terms for a drainage basin are watershed, basin, catchment, or contributing area. The mean bifurcation ratio is 5.1 showing normal basin which is somehow controlled by structural disturbances. Geographical Information System (GIS) have proved to be an efficient tool in the delineation of drainage pattern for water resources ... GIS BASED MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF GADILAM RIVER BASIN, TAMIL NADU ... A short summary of this paper. The morphometric parameters of basin can address linear, areal and relief aspects. ArcGIS Help: Watershed (Spatial Analyst) ArcGIS Help: Basin; ArcGIS Help: How Watershed works; ArcGIS Help: Understanding drainage systems Some opportunities for improvement in data management and technology application are also suggested. 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. Our mapping work and Geographic Information System (GIS) files, called map layers, are available for public use.Click on the expandable sections under Map Layers below to find GIS files that you can download and web maps for you to explore. The elongation ratio is 0.64 along with circulatory ratio (0.6) shows elongated nature of the basin. Please ref figure for better understanding my view. The intersection of two stream channels is referred to as a node or junction. r.fill.dir; r.watershed; r.water.outlet; r.to.vect; r.stream.extract; To remove imperfections and correct the DEM, the r.fill.dir tool is used. High values of ruggedness number and relief ratio suggest that Karmanasa basin is prone to soil erosion. SAGA-GIS Module Library Documentation (v2.1.4) Modules A-Z Contents Terrain Analysis - Channels Module Channel Network and Drainage Basins. Important natural environment geo-information and summary of the spatial characteristics of Tana River Basin (TRB) in Kenya have been obtained through hydro-geomorphometric analysis. These suggest that the sediments experienced a moderate amount of weathering in the river catchment under subhumid climatic conditions. We maintain the spatial datasets described here in order to better describe Washington's diverse natural and cultural environments. The GIS procedures used to conduct the morphological analysis and obtain the abovementioned parameters are summarized in Fig. Moreover, the basin's relief, relief ratio, ruggedness number, gradient ratio and slope was high. The trellis pattern characterizes upstream of the drainage basin, while the. Provide cedar_fdr as the input flow direction raster, and name the output raster as cedar_basin as shown below. 275–370. Allahabad to Buxar, the Ganga River shows distorted menders, huge meander cut-offs, ox-bow lakes, scroll bars and abandoned linear channel belts, all suggesting to a fault system-related tectonic control on the river. It is felt that the study will be useful to understand hydrological behavior of basin. Morphometric analysis of the drainage system network and the Khumal basin showed it has fifth-order wadi network with an elongated shape and possesses dendritic to sub-dendritic drainage pattern. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Drainage Map. To assess the climate change impacts on The morphometric analysis has been carried out through measurement of linear, areal and relief aspects of basins. Remote sensing and GIS techniques were applied to extract drainage network using Digital Elevation Model (DEM) to evaluate morphometric parameters for Sukhnag catchment. The major oxide geochemistry of the sediments indicate that the dominant oxide is SiO2 followed by Al2O3 and other oxides that suggests felsic‐dominated source for the sediments. Sujata Biswas, S.Sudhakarand V. R. Desai, Prioritization of Subwatersheds Based on Morphometric Analysis of Drainage Basin: A Remote Sensing and GIS Approach,PhotonirvachakJournal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing, vol. The quantitative approach of the basin development of the Karmanasa River basin was carried out by the morphometric parameters. This study has attempted to quantify the morphometric characteristics of Guna- Tana watershed for proper implementation of soil and water conservation practices. Other common terms for a drainage basin are watershed, basin, catchment, or contributing area. M. University ... drainage basins [11] for efficient better sustainable watershed plan to reliable water security, enhance agriculture yield. The textural analysis indicates that the samples are bimodal to polymodal in nature ranging from very coarse to coarse grained and poorly to moderately well sorted in all the geomorphic units. meander scars, meander cut-offs and alluvial islands, is quite characteristic and may be related to sediment recycling by migrating channels present within the active channel belt and floodplain areas of the Ganga River. The low values of drainage density and stream frequency imply that surface run-off is not quickly removed from the basin, making it susceptible to flooding and gully have very little effect on the extent to which the surface has been lowered by agents of denudation. The results indicate that during the last three decades, agricultural land and built-up area have increased by 32.57% (184,796 ha) and 26.35% (1460 ha) respectively, while open land, waterbodies and vegetation have decreased by 35.9%, 3.13% and 8.29% respectively. Furthermore, drainage area was large, drainage frequency was coarse, basin shape was more elongated, drainage density was medium, infiltration number was low, overland flow was long and constant of channel maintenance was high. The trails drainage patterns are also observed in some areas of the basin which may be due to the effect of regional tectonics. However I am hoping to also get the geometry of the basin. s susceptibility to erosion as shown by stream. 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