cowpea plant in tagalog

Usage Frequency: 2 [50] One of the plant's defenses against some insect attacks is the cowpea trypsin inhibitor (CpTI). unguiculata (L.) Walp.Cowpea is often called "black-eyed pea" due to its black- or brown-ringed hylum. The weevil develops into a sexually mature adult within the seed. 47 Figure 8: Mean pod length for medium maturing cowpea germplasm. By continuing to visit this site you agree to our use of cookies. [21] Flower colour varies through different shades of purple, pink, yellow, and white and blue. [49] The plant is susceptible to mosaic viruses, which cause a green mosaic pattern to appear in the leaves. Cowpea Farming – A Step by Step Guide. [42][43] The weevil generally enters the cowpea pod through holes before harvest and lays eggs on the dry seed. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Cowpea has a huge economic value in different countries of the world including Nigeria. sa lahat ng nakita kong sitaw, itong, tinatawag sa tagalog na sitaw-turo or paayap or cowpea / fieldpea in english name or Vigna Unguiculata being the scientific name, ang pinakamaraming magbunga at matibay pag summer in addition to napakadaling buhayin..tanong ko lang po kung pwede kaya ito ipalit (Dried seed) sa soya beans as protein supplements...pwede po ba makahingi kung sino … Farms vary between 5 and 12 ha, usually split into near fields and far fields (the better to catch scattered showers), which involves a lot of toing and fro-ing. Ground nuts and cowpeas are also grown. [16] Black-eyed pea, a common name used for the unguiculata cultivar group, describes the presence of a distinctive black spot at the hilum of the seed. [51] CpTI is the only gene obtained outside of B. thuringiensis that has been inserted into a commercially available genetically modified crop. [48] Common diseases include blights, root rot, wilt, powdery mildew, root knot, rust and leaf spot. [62], Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. [50] CPMV is stable and easy to propagate to a high yield, making it useful in vector development and protein expression systems. INTERNATIONAL BOARD FOR PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES COWPEA DESCRIPTORS IBPGR SECRETARIAT Rome, 1983 . Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. [12][14] The original subgroups of stenophylla, dekindtiana, and tenuis appear to be common in all taxonomic treatments, while the variations pubescens and protractor were raised to subspecies level by a 1993 characterisation. Niger is the main exporter of cowpeas and Nigeria the main importer. Graphic design of a cowpea plant Fruits are pods that vary in size, shape, colour and texture. They can have a smooth or rough coat and be speckled, mottled, or blotchy. [41], Severe C. maculatus infestations can affect 100% of the stored peas and cause up to 60% loss within a few months. Close, Alisa Huffaker, and Eric A. Schmelz: This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 10:01. It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. Traditional methods of protecting stored grain include using the insecticidal properties of Neem extracts, mixing the grain with ash or sand, using vegetable oils, combining ash and oil into a soap solution or treating the cowpea pods with smoke or heat. The ideal soils are sandy and it has better tolerance for infertile and acid soil than most other crops. Human translations with examples: cpmv, niebè, tonchio cinese, tonchio chinese, fagiolo asparago, cowpea mosaic virus. Reference: Wikipedia. [53] Drought lowers the growth rate and development, ultimately reducing yield, although cowpea is considered more drought tolerant than most other crops. 49 The low temperature should allow apple seeds to remain viable for 100 years, barley for 300 years, and cowpea seeds for about 800 years. The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are high in protein, although the leaves and immature seed pods can also be consumed. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. ( Southern US) Any pale bean with a black spot. [18] Cowpeas can either be short and bushy (as short as 20 cm or 8 in) or act like a vine by climbing supports or trailing along the ground (to a height of 2 m or 6 ft 7 in). [66] A popular dish was Hoppin' John, which contained black-eyed peas cooked with rice and seasoned with pork. [12] However, as the plant is primarily self-pollinating, its genetic diversity within varieties is relatively low. Moreover Var. Cowpea is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds. [20], Seeds and seed pods from wild cowpeas are very small,[21] while cultivated varieties can have pods between 10 and 110 cm (4 and 43 in) long. Quality: Cowpea is a dicotyledonous plant belonging to the family Fabaceae and sub-family, Fabiodeae. Four subspecies of cowpeas are recognised, of which three are cultivated. [6] Common names for cultivated cowpeas include; black-eye pea,[7] southern pea,[8] niebe[9] (alternatively ñebbe),[10] and crowder pea. The following write-up details about Cowpea farming techniques, tips, ideas and cultivation practices.. Cowpea Farming. [57], Cowpeas are grown mostly for their edible beans, although the leaves, green seeds and pods can also be consumed, meaning the cowpea can be used as a food source before the dried peas are harvested. Usage Frequency: 1 [36] Temperatures of 60 °C (140 °F) kill the weevil larvae, leading to a recent push to develop cheap forms of solar heating that can be used to treat stored grain. [60][61] They can also be processed into a paste or flour. [44] The larvae burrow their way into the seed, feeding on the endosperm. [45] An individual bruchid can lay 20–40 eggs, and in optimal conditions, each egg can develop into a reproductively active adult in 3 weeks. al., 2002) and in an effective cowpea-rhizobium symbiosis, more than155 kg N/ha is fixed which can supply 8090% - of plants total N requirement. Early-maturing varieties of the crop can thrive in the semiarid climate, where rainfall is often less than 500 mm (20 in). Season Yala … However, Insects visiting cowpea flowers have been implicated in the movement of pollen from one cowpea plant to another. The corn, the coffee beans, the hen that laid the egg, and even the cow that produced the milk—all had their origin in the fauna and flora of the tropical forest. Characterization, evaluation and selection of cowpea germplasm accessions is a pre-requisite in any plant breeding programme. Land Preparation. Cowpea (severe) mosaic 86 Cowpea (yellow) mosaic 88 Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic 90 Cowpea golden mosaic 92 Parz.itic Higher Plants Witchweed 94 Non-Parasitic Disorders Calcium, magnesium and sulphur 96 deficiencies Molybdenum and iron deficiencies 98. ii Walp. Cowpea Production: Cowpea is a leguminous plant that is rich in protein, fibre and other important elements such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, thiamine, niacin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, vitamins A, C, and B6. In bad infestations, insect pressure is responsible for over 90% loss in yield. It is grown extensively in the low lands and mid- altitude regions of Africa (particularly in the dry savanna) sometimes as sole crop but more often intercropped with … Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Flower opening of cowpea begins between 6:00am and 6:30am and closes between 11:30am and 12:00pm. A high level of morphological diversity is found within the species with large variations in the size, shape, and structure of the plant. [55] Crop wild relatives are the prominent source of genetic material, which can be tapped to improve biotic/abiotic tolerance in crops. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. [72], According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, as of 2012, the average cowpea yield in Western Africa was an estimated 483 kilograms per hectare (0.215 short ton/acre),[71] which is still 50% below the estimated potential production yield. MyMemory is the world's largest Translation Memory. It is a valuable crop as it is a highly palatable food source and the whole plant can be used as forage for animals. Rar. The crop is one of the early cultivated crops and it … 34 Figure 6: Mean plant height for medium maturing cowpea germplasm 45 Figure 7: Frequency distributions for number of pods per plant for medium maturing germplasm. A bundle of Vigna Unguiculata Sesquipedalis bean pods – these annual beans are also known as yardlong bean, bora, long-podded cowpea, asparagus bean, Fresh delicious ripe raw yardlong bean, long-podded cowpea, Chinese long bean, bodi/bora, snake bean, asparagus bean, or pea bean, long bean on display and for sale at the local produce market. [23] A pod can contain six to 13 seeds that are usually kidney-shaped, although the seeds become more spherical the more restricted they are within the pod. Quality: Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world production. [64] They also use the cowpea paste as a supplement in infant formula when weaning babies off milk. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. We use cookies to enhance your experience. The seeds are usually cooked and made into stews and curries, or ground into flour or paste. Place the seeds in the holes, with the eye facing downwards. (Sa Ehipto, ang diyos-araw na si Ra ay inilalarawan kung minsan bilang isang guya na isinilang ng makalangit na baka.) [74], This appears to be one of the latest taxonomical classifications, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "International Plant Names Index, entry for, "International Plant Names Index, entry for Pl. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. role (IITA, 1990). Ang mababang temperatura ay magpapangyari sa mga buto ng mansanas na manatiling nabubuhay sa loob ng 100 taon, ang sebada ng 300 taon, at ang mga buto ng cowpea … [12][13] The classification of the wild relatives within V. unguiculata is more complicated, with over 20 different names having been used and between 3 and 10 subgroups described. Cowpea is one of the important legume crops not only in the Philippines but also in many countries of the world. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. [69] Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. Usage Frequency: 2 [62] Although little research has been conducted on the nutritional value of the leaves and immature pods, what is available suggests that the leaves have a similar nutritional value to black nightshade and sweet potato leaves, while the green pods have less antinutritional factors than the dried seeds. [58] Like other legumes, cowpeas are cooked to make them edible, usually by boiling. A common snack in Africa is koki or moin-moin, where the cowpeas are mashed into a paste, mixed with spices and steamed in banana leaves. Two lateral leaves are asymmetrical. The leaves of subsp. Koku hopes to cultivate GM cowpea on her farm this year, saying the importance of an insect-resistant variety, which reduces pesticide use, can’t be overstated. [6] Sesquipedalis in Latin means "foot and a half long", and this subspecies which arrived in the United States via Asia is characterised by unusually long pods, leading to the common names of yardlong bean, asparagus bean, and Chinese long-bean. A second domestication event probably occurred in Asia, before they spread into Europe and the Americas. [62] The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. The seeds can be harvested after about 100 days or the whole plant used as forage after about 120 days. Central leaflet is hastate, symmetrical, smooth, with the lateral surfaces irregular. [33] The crop is mostly intercropped with pearl millet, and plants are selected that provide both food and fodder value instead of the more specialised varieties. One ploughing followed by a harrowing ensures good weed control and a suitable seed bed. It is estimated that cowpea supplies about 40% of the daily protein requirements to most of the people in Nigeria (Muleba ., 1997). A 1997 estimate suggests that cowpeas are cultivated on 12.5 million hectares (31 million acres) of land, have a worldwide production of 3 million tonnes and are consumed by 200 million people on a daily basis. Quality: Quality: [31], The optimum temperature for cowpea growth is 30 °C (86 °F), making it only available as a summer crop for most of the world. [37] One of the more recent developments is the use a cheap, reusable double-bagging system (called PICs) that asphyxiates the cowpea weevils. [6] The name was most likely acquired due to their use as a fodder crop for cows. [24] Although there is no archaeological evidence for early cowpea cultivation, the centre of diversity of the cultivated cowpea is West Africa, leading an early consensus that this is the likely centre of origin and place of early domestication. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. Pollen analysis showed similarities in the pollen morphology of the cowpea varieties. is one of the most popular grain legumes in Africa as well as in some regions of America and Asia.The main subspecies is Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cover the seeds slightly with soil and sprinkle water on them. Reference: Wikipedia, Last Update: 2014-09-22 [62] Chinese long beans can be eaten raw or cooked, but as they easily become waterlogged are usually sautéed, stir-fried, or deep-fried.[63]. [73] In some tradition cropping methods, the yield can be as low as 100 kilograms per hectare (0.045 short ton/acre). Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. [13] From there they traveled north to the Mediterranean, where they were used by the Greeks and Romans. Genetically modified cowpeas are being developed to express the cry protein from Bacillus thuringiensis, which is toxic to lepidopteran species including the maruca. They may be erect, crescent-shaped or coiled. Leaves can be picked from 4 weeks after planting. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. Contextual translation of "cowpeas" into Italian. This short article about biology can be made longer. [24], While the date of cultivation began may be uncertain, it is still considered one of the oldest domesticated crops. Human translations with examples: kibal, paayap, cowpea, paayapp, vigna unguiculata. Quality: [5] The legume pod borer Maruca vitrata is the main preharvest pest of the cowpea and the cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus the main postharvest pest.
cowpea plant in tagalog 2021